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Article

The Influence of Role Models on the Sedentary Behaviour Patterns of Primary School-Aged Children and Associations with Psychosocial Aspects of Health

1
School of Sport, Ulster University, Shore Road, Newtownabbey, Co. Antrim BT37 0QB, UK
2
Sport and Exercise Sciences Research Institute, Ulster University, Shore Road, Newtownabbey, Co. Antrim BT37 0QB, UK
3
School of Psychology, Ulster University, Cromore Road, Coleraine, Co. Londonderry BT52 1SA, UK
4
Department of Physical Education & Sport Sciences, University of Limerick, V94 T9PX Limerick, Ireland
5
School of Health and Life Sciences, University of the West of Scotland, South Lanarkshire G72 0LH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(15), 5345; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155345
Received: 27 May 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 22 July 2020 / Published: 24 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Children's Health)
Background: High levels of sedentary behaviour (SB) are associated with poor health outcomes in children, but the effects on mental health are less clear. This study explored the relationship between SB and psychosocial aspects of health in children, and what influence key role models, including parents and schoolteachers, have on the SB levels of children. Methods: Physical activity (PA) and SB were measured using accelerometery in 101 children, 113 parents and 9 teachers. Children were aged 9 or 10 years old and in fourth grade. Child psychosocial outcomes were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Results: Children engaged in a high volume of SB (9.6 h/day) but interrupted SB often. They accumulated less than 11,000 steps per day, and thus, many may not meet the recommended daily levels of PA. No associations were found between child SB and teacher SB during the school day or child SB and parent SB during the after-school period. No association was found between SB and self-esteem, although children with a higher body mass index had a higher number of emotional and behavioural difficulties. Conclusions: Although there was no indication that children’s SB was linked to that of parents and teachers, or that SB was associated with self-esteem or behavioural problems, school children were highly sedentary and insufficiently physically active. Therefore, there is a need to explore school practices and curriculum delivery methods, as well as school and home environments, to reduce the volume of SB children engage in. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary lifestyle; mental health; physical activity; self-esteem; accelerometery sedentary lifestyle; mental health; physical activity; self-esteem; accelerometery
MDPI and ACS Style

Hegarty, L.; Murphy, M.H.; Kirby, K.; Murtagh, E.; Mallett, J.; Mair, J.L. The Influence of Role Models on the Sedentary Behaviour Patterns of Primary School-Aged Children and Associations with Psychosocial Aspects of Health. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155345

AMA Style

Hegarty L, Murphy MH, Kirby K, Murtagh E, Mallett J, Mair JL. The Influence of Role Models on the Sedentary Behaviour Patterns of Primary School-Aged Children and Associations with Psychosocial Aspects of Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(15):5345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155345

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hegarty, Lynda, Marie H. Murphy, Karen Kirby, Elaine Murtagh, John Mallett, and Jacqueline L. Mair 2020. "The Influence of Role Models on the Sedentary Behaviour Patterns of Primary School-Aged Children and Associations with Psychosocial Aspects of Health" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 15: 5345. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17155345

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