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Open AccessArticle

“Good Epidemiology Practice” Guidelines for Pesticide Exposure Assessment

Gradient, One Beacon Street, 17th Floor, Boston, MA 02108, USA
Gradient, 600 Stewart Street, Suite 1900, Seattle, WA 98101, USA
Stony Brook Cancer Center, Department of Family, Population and Preventive Medicine, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794, USA
Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, 40126 Bologna, Italy
Lancaster Environment Center, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5114;
Received: 21 May 2020 / Revised: 7 July 2020 / Accepted: 9 July 2020 / Published: 15 July 2020
Both toxicology and epidemiology are used to inform hazard and risk assessment in regulatory settings, particularly for pesticides. While toxicology studies involve controlled, quantifiable exposures that are often administered according to standardized protocols, estimating exposure in observational epidemiology studies is challenging, and there is no established guidance for doing so. However, there are several frameworks for evaluating the quality of published epidemiology studies. We previously developed a preliminary list of methodology and reporting standards for epidemiology studies, called Good Epidemiology Practice (GEP) guidelines, based on a critical review of standardized toxicology protocols and available frameworks for evaluating epidemiology study quality. We determined that exposure characterization is one of the most critical areas for which standards are needed. Here, we propose GEP guidelines for pesticide exposure assessment based on the source of exposure data (i.e., biomonitoring and environmental samples, questionnaire/interview/expert record review, and dietary exposures based on measurements of residues in food and food consumption). It is expected that these GEP guidelines will facilitate the conduct of higher-quality epidemiology studies that can be used as a basis for more scientifically sound regulatory risk assessment and policy making. View Full-Text
Keywords: epidemiology; methodology; exposure assessment; pesticides epidemiology; methodology; exposure assessment; pesticides
MDPI and ACS Style

Goodman, J.E.; Prueitt, R.L.; Boffetta, P.; Halsall, C.; Sweetman, A. “Good Epidemiology Practice” Guidelines for Pesticide Exposure Assessment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5114.

AMA Style

Goodman JE, Prueitt RL, Boffetta P, Halsall C, Sweetman A. “Good Epidemiology Practice” Guidelines for Pesticide Exposure Assessment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5114.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Goodman, Julie E.; Prueitt, Robyn L.; Boffetta, Paolo; Halsall, Crispin; Sweetman, Andrew. 2020. "“Good Epidemiology Practice” Guidelines for Pesticide Exposure Assessment" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 14: 5114.

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