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Article

A System Model of Post-Migration Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Austria—A Multi-Step Modeling Process Involving Expert Knowledge from Science and Practice

1
Department for Knowledge and Communication Management, Danube University Krems, 3500 Krems, Austria
2
Department for Economics and Health, Danube University Krems, 3500 Krems, Austria
3
Department for Migration and Globalisation, Danube University Krems, 3500 Krems, Austria
4
Department for Evidence-Based Medicine und Evaluation, Danube University Krems, 3500 Krems, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(14), 5058; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145058
Received: 23 June 2020 / Revised: 10 July 2020 / Accepted: 12 July 2020 / Published: 14 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Migration, Resilience, Vulnerability and Migrants’ Health)
Various studies have indicated that unaccompanied minor refugees (UMRs) have a higher risk of suffering from mental health problems than do accompanied minor refugees and general population norm. However, only a few studies provide data on UMRs regarding post-migration risk factors, their interrelations, and their influence on mental health. In this study, system models of post-migration risk factors for mental health and their interactions were developed in the case of Austria. In three consecutive interactive workshops with scientists and practitioners, fuzzy-logic cognitive mapping techniques were used to integrate the experts’ knowledge. The resulting final system model consists of 11 risk factors (e.g., social contacts in the host country, housing situation, or professional health care services). The model provides a deeper insight into the complexity of interrelated direct, indirect, and reciprocal relations, as well as self-reinforcing triads. This systemic approach provides a sound basis for further investigations, taking into account the inherent complex multifactorial dependencies in this topic. View Full-Text
Keywords: system models; expert knowledge; fuzzy-logic cognitive mapping; unaccompanied minor refugees; mental health; post-migration risk factors system models; expert knowledge; fuzzy-logic cognitive mapping; unaccompanied minor refugees; mental health; post-migration risk factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hynek, N.; Franczukowska, A.; Rössl, L.; Schreder, G.; Faustmann, A.; Krczal, E.; Skrivanek, I.; Sommer, I.; Zenk, L. A System Model of Post-Migration Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Austria—A Multi-Step Modeling Process Involving Expert Knowledge from Science and Practice. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5058. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145058

AMA Style

Hynek N, Franczukowska A, Rössl L, Schreder G, Faustmann A, Krczal E, Skrivanek I, Sommer I, Zenk L. A System Model of Post-Migration Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Austria—A Multi-Step Modeling Process Involving Expert Knowledge from Science and Practice. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(14):5058. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hynek, Nicole, Arleta Franczukowska, Lydia Rössl, Günther Schreder, Anna Faustmann, Eva Krczal, Isabella Skrivanek, Isolde Sommer, and Lukas Zenk. 2020. "A System Model of Post-Migration Risk Factors Affecting the Mental Health of Unaccompanied Minor Refugees in Austria—A Multi-Step Modeling Process Involving Expert Knowledge from Science and Practice" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 14: 5058. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17145058

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