Next Article in Journal
A Proposal for Multidisciplinary Tele-Rehabilitation in the Assessment and Rehabilitation of COVID-19 Survivors
Next Article in Special Issue
Maternal Ambient Exposure to Atmospheric Pollutants during Pregnancy and Offspring Term Birth Weight in the Nationwide ELFE Cohort
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating Rural Domestic Waste Sorting Intentions Based on an Integrative Framework of Planned Behavior Theory and Normative Activation Models: Evidence from Guanzhong Basin, China
Previous Article in Special Issue
Associations between Vehicle Exhaust Particles and Ozone at Home Address and Birth Weight
Article

Air Pollution Exposure Monitoring among Pregnant Women with and without Asthma

1
Department of Public Health, Health Sciences Research Institute, College of Social Sciences, Humanities, and Arts, University of California, Merced, CA 95343, USA
2
Division of Intramural Population Health Research, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
3
The Emmes Company, Rockville, MD 20850, USA
4
RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
5
School of Medicine & Health Sciences, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, ND 58202, USA
6
Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL 60611, USA
7
Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, LA 70115, USA
8
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4888; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134888
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 18 June 2020 / Accepted: 30 June 2020 / Published: 7 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Ambient Environment and Reproductive Health)
Background: We monitored exposure to fine particulates (PM2.5), ozone, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and ambient temperature for pregnant women with and without asthma. Methods: Women (n = 40) from the Breathe—Well-Being, Environment, Lifestyle, and Lung Function Study (2015–2018) were enrolled during pregnancy and monitored for 2–4 days. Daily pollutants were measured using personal air monitors, indoor air monitors, and nearest Environmental Protection Agency’s stationary monitors based on GPS tracking and home address. Results: Personal-monitor measurements of PM2.5, ozone, and NO2 did not vary by asthma status but exposure profiles significantly differed by assessment methods. EPA stationary monitor-based methods appeared to underestimate PM2.5 and temperature exposure and overestimate ozone and NO2 exposure. Higher indoor-monitored PM2.5 exposures were associated with smoking and the use of gas appliances. The proportion of waking-time during which personal monitors were worn was ~56%. Lower compliance was associated with exercise, smoking, being around a smoker, and the use of a prescription drug. Conclusions: Exposure did not vary by asthma status but was influenced by daily activities and assessment methods. Personal monitors may better capture exposures but non-compliance merits attention. Meanwhile, larger monitoring studies are warranted to further understand exposure profiles and the health effects of air pollution during pregnancy. View Full-Text
Keywords: air pollution; pregnancy; asthma; personal air monitoring; exposure assessment; monitoring compliance air pollution; pregnancy; asthma; personal air monitoring; exposure assessment; monitoring compliance
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ha, S.; Nobles, C.; Kanner, J.; Sherman, S.; Cho, S.-H.; Perkins, N.; Williams, A.; Grobman, W.; Biggio, J.; Subramaniam, A.; Ouidir, M.; Chen, Z.; Mendola, P. Air Pollution Exposure Monitoring among Pregnant Women with and without Asthma. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134888

AMA Style

Ha S, Nobles C, Kanner J, Sherman S, Cho S-H, Perkins N, Williams A, Grobman W, Biggio J, Subramaniam A, Ouidir M, Chen Z, Mendola P. Air Pollution Exposure Monitoring among Pregnant Women with and without Asthma. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134888

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ha, Sandie, Carrie Nobles, Jenna Kanner, Seth Sherman, Seung-Hyun Cho, Neil Perkins, Andrew Williams, William Grobman, Joseph Biggio, Akila Subramaniam, Marion Ouidir, Zhen Chen, and Pauline Mendola. 2020. "Air Pollution Exposure Monitoring among Pregnant Women with and without Asthma" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 13: 4888. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134888

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop