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Open AccessArticle

The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital between Motivational Orientations and Their Organizational Consequences

1
Department of Psychology, Rey Juan Carlos I University, 28933 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Social, Developmental and Educational Psychology, University of Huelva, 21071 Huelva, Spain
3
Department of Social and Organizational Psychology, National Distance Education University (UNED), 28045 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4864; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134864
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 6 July 2020
Just as we can speak of different personality traits, it is also possible to identify distinct motivational traits, which may be related to a series of organizational consequences. In this sense, understanding how these traits are related to workers performance is fundamental. Specifically, the purpose of this study is to test the mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship between such traits and organizational citizenship behaviors and counterproductive work behaviors, which is expected to be more significant in the first case. The study was carried out using a panel design, with a sample group of Spanish employees aged over 40 (n = 741), in two waves (with a 4-month interval). The results support the hypothesis that psychological capital resources may play a mediating role in some of the relationships explored and that approach orientation traits are mainly related to a better performance, fostering organizational citizenship behaviors and diminishing counterproductive work behavior. The findings show that employees who develop their personal resources may have a positive impact on their organizations. The implications of this study for counseling practices are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: motivational traits; Motivational Traits Questionnaire; psychological capital; organizational citizenship behaviors; counterproductive work behavior motivational traits; Motivational Traits Questionnaire; psychological capital; organizational citizenship behaviors; counterproductive work behavior
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Rodríguez-Cifuentes, F.; Segura-Camacho, A.; García-Ael, C.; Topa, G. The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital between Motivational Orientations and Their Organizational Consequences. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4864.

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