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Implementation of a Classroom Program of Physiotherapy among Spanish Adolescents with Back Pain: A Collaborative Study

1
Faculty of Sport Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, 28670 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Physiotherapy, University of Seville, 41009 Seville, Spain
3
School of Nursing and Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Alcalá de Henares University, 28805 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4806; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134806
Received: 18 May 2020 / Revised: 25 June 2020 / Accepted: 29 June 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
Background: The prevalence of back pain in adolescents is steadily increasing, with negative repercussions on students’ social and academic life. This study sought to improve the ergonomics and musculoskeletal health of adolescents in secondary school by implementing physiotherapy actions within the educational context. Methods: A qualitative collaborative action research approach was used, comprising 49 students, 9 teachers, 11 family members, and 9 physiotherapists. Workshops on ergonomics, stretching, and massage were held. Visual materials were developed to support the assimilation of the information given at the workshops. Data collection included field notes, reflexive diaries, in-depth interviews, and discussion groups. The data were analyzed using the Atlas.ti 6.0 program (Scientific Software Development GmbH, Berlin, Germany). Results: The presence of a physiotherapist in the school context facilitates the acquisition of healthy postural habits. All the adolescents perceived a decrease in back pain after undergoing the program. Conclusions: physiotherapy activities offer students new tools to decrease their back pain and improve their health. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescent; back pain; physiotherapy activities adolescent; back pain; physiotherapy activities
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Blanco-Morales, M.; Abuín-Porras, V.; Romero-Morales, C.; de la Cueva-Reguera, M.; De-La-Cruz-Torres, B.; Rodríguez-Costa, I. Implementation of a Classroom Program of Physiotherapy among Spanish Adolescents with Back Pain: A Collaborative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4806.

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