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Open AccessArticle

A Resourceful Work Environment Moderates the Relationship between Presenteeism and Health. A Study Using Repeated Measures in the Swedish Working Population

1
Department of Occupational Health Sciences and Psychology, Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, University of Gävle, 801 76 Gävle, Sweden
2
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Unit of Intervention and Implementation Research for Worker Health, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Division of Insurance Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, 171 77 Stockholm, Sweden
4
Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
5
Stress Research Institute, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4711; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134711
Received: 27 May 2020 / Revised: 26 June 2020 / Accepted: 26 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
The objective of this study was to investigate if the psychosocial work environment moderates the proposed negative impact of presenteeism on future general health. We expect that the negative impact of presenteeism on general health is weaker if the psychosocial work environment is resourceful, and more pronounced if the environment is stressful. Data were derived from the 2008–2018 biennial waves of the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The final analytic sample consisted of n = 15,779 individuals. We applied repeated measures regression analyses through generalized estimating equations (GEE). Results from the autoregressive GEE models showed statistically significant interaction terms between presenteeism and all four investigated moderators, i.e., job demands, job control, job support and job strain. The results indicate that the psychosocial work environment moderates the negative association between presenteeism and general health and illustrates a buffering effect of the psychosocial work environment. A possible explanation for these results may be that psychosocially resourceful work environments give room for adjustments in the work situation and facilitate recovery. The results also indicate that by investing the psychosocial work environment employers may be able to promote worker health as well as prevent reduced job performance due to presenteeism.
Keywords: presenteeism; work environment; health protective; Sweden; job demands; job resources presenteeism; work environment; health protective; Sweden; job demands; job resources
MDPI and ACS Style

Bergström, G.; Gustafsson, K.; Aboagye, E.; Marklund, S.; Aronsson, G.; Björklund, C.; Leineweber, C. A Resourceful Work Environment Moderates the Relationship between Presenteeism and Health. A Study Using Repeated Measures in the Swedish Working Population. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4711.

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