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Review

Evaluation of the Lower Limb Muscles’ Electromyographic Activity during the Leg Press Exercise and Its Variants: A Systematic Review

1
Health Research Centre, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
2
Laboratory of Kinesiology, Biomechanics and Ergonomics (KIBIOMER Lab.), Research Central Services, University of Almería, 04120 Almería, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(13), 4626; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134626
Received: 4 May 2020 / Revised: 17 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 27 June 2020
The aim of this study was to analyze the literature on muscle activation measured by surface electromyography (sEMG) of the muscles recruited when performing the leg press exercise and its variants. The Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to report this review. The search was carried out using the PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science electronic databases. The articles selected met the following inclusion criteria: (a) a cross-sectional or longitudinal study design; (b) neuromuscular activation assessed during the leg press exercise, or its variants; (c) muscle activation data collected using sEMG; and (d) study samples comprising healthy and trained participants. The main findings indicate that the leg press exercise elicited the greatest sEMG activity from the quadriceps muscle complex, which was shown to be greater as the knee flexion angle increased. In conclusion, (1) the vastus lateralis and vastus medialis elicited the greatest muscle activation during the leg press exercise, followed closely by the rectus femoris; (2) the biceps femoris and the gastrocnemius medialis showed greater muscular activity as the knee reached full extension, whereas the vastus lateralis and medialis, the rectus femoris, and the tibialis anterior showed a decreasing muscular activity pattern as the knee reached full extension; (3) evidence on the influence of kinematics modifications over sEMG during leg press variants is still not compelling as very few studies match their findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: electromyography; muscle activity; muscle activation; thigh muscles electromyography; muscle activity; muscle activation; thigh muscles
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MDPI and ACS Style

Martín-Fuentes, I.; Oliva-Lozano, J.M.; Muyor, J.M. Evaluation of the Lower Limb Muscles’ Electromyographic Activity during the Leg Press Exercise and Its Variants: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134626

AMA Style

Martín-Fuentes I, Oliva-Lozano JM, Muyor JM. Evaluation of the Lower Limb Muscles’ Electromyographic Activity during the Leg Press Exercise and Its Variants: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(13):4626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134626

Chicago/Turabian Style

Martín-Fuentes, Isabel, José M. Oliva-Lozano, and José M. Muyor. 2020. "Evaluation of the Lower Limb Muscles’ Electromyographic Activity during the Leg Press Exercise and Its Variants: A Systematic Review" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 13: 4626. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17134626

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