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Tailored Sailing Experience to Reduce Psychological Distress and Improve the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors: A Survey-Based Pilot Study

1
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, Section of Anatomy and Histology, University of Florence, 50134 Florence, Italy
2
Oncological Rehabilitation Center (Ce.Ri.On.), 50139 Florence, Italy
3
The Italian League against Tumors (LILT), 50126 Florence, Italy
4
Oncological Network, Prevention and Research Institute (ISPRO), 50139 Florence, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(12), 4406; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124406
Received: 13 May 2020 / Revised: 15 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 19 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Survey about Psychological Health)
Background: Growing evidence indicates that physical/sporting activities may improve the health outcomes and quality of life (QoL) of breast cancer (BC) survivors. Since recent reports have suggested that sailing can improve the psychophysical well-being and QoL of people with disabilities, this pilot study evaluated the effectiveness of a tailored sailing experience on the QoL and psychological distress (PD) of BC survivors. Methods: A group of 19 breast cancer survivors, who were attending the Cancer Rehabilitation Center in Florence, were invited to participate in a sailing school and completed a survey based on a structured online questionnaire assessing QoL and PD both on departure (baseline) and one week after returning (follow-up). The survey comprised a first part (i.e., sociodemographic characteristics and the practice of physical/sporting activities at baseline; sailing experience satisfaction at follow-up) and a second part (i.e., Short Form-12 (SF-12), State/Trait-Anxiety Inventory form Y (STAI-Y), distress thermometer questionnaires). A paired Student’s t-test was used to compare the baseline versus follow-up QoL and PD scores. Results: A statistically significant improvement in SF-12 mental component scores and a reduction in both STAI-Y state/trait components and distress thermometer scores were found after the sailing experience. Conclusions: We conclude that sailing practice could be a feasible intervention to increase the psychophysical well-being of BC survivors. View Full-Text
Keywords: sailing; breast cancer; cancer survivors; quality of life; psychological distress; psychological well-being sailing; breast cancer; cancer survivors; quality of life; psychological distress; psychological well-being
MDPI and ACS Style

Mirandola, D.; Franchi, G.; Maruelli, A.; Vinci, M.; Muraca, M.G.; Miccinesi, G.; Manetti, M.; Marini, M. Tailored Sailing Experience to Reduce Psychological Distress and Improve the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors: A Survey-Based Pilot Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 4406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124406

AMA Style

Mirandola D, Franchi G, Maruelli A, Vinci M, Muraca MG, Miccinesi G, Manetti M, Marini M. Tailored Sailing Experience to Reduce Psychological Distress and Improve the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors: A Survey-Based Pilot Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(12):4406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124406

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mirandola, Daniela, Giovanna Franchi, Alice Maruelli, Manuela Vinci, Maria G. Muraca, Guido Miccinesi, Mirko Manetti, and Mirca Marini. 2020. "Tailored Sailing Experience to Reduce Psychological Distress and Improve the Quality of Life of Breast Cancer Survivors: A Survey-Based Pilot Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 12: 4406. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17124406

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