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Open AccessReview

Injury Profile of Male and Female Senior and Youth Handball Players: A Systematic Review

1
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Isabel I, 09001 Burgos, Spain
2
Escola Superior Desporto e Lazer, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Rua Escola Industrial e Comercial de Nun’Álvares, 4900-347 Viana do Castelo, Portugal
3
School of Health and Sports Science, University of Suffolk, Ipswich IP4 1QJ, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3925; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113925
Received: 1 May 2020 / Revised: 25 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
Handball is a team sport in which players are exposed to high physical conditioning requirements and several contacts and collisions, so they must face various musculoskeletal injuries throughout their career. The aim of this study was to summarize the characteristics of handball injuries both in training and in competition contexts, differentiating by gender and age. A systematic review was conducted and a total of 15 studies (33 cohorts) met the inclusion criteria. Higher injury incidence was reported during matches compared to training sessions in all groups (i.e., male and female senior and youth players), with male senior players presenting the greatest values. Lower extremities were more frequently injured, being contusions and sprains the most common type of injuries. Females reported more serious injuries than males, who presented a higher percentage of acute injuries caused by direct contact, while in female players these injuries were not caused by direct contact actions. Wings and backs presented the highest injury incidence; additionally, players registered higher match incidence during international championships compared to national leagues. Due to the differences in the injury profile of handball players, specific preventive strategies should be implemented for each group to optimize the injury prevention process. View Full-Text
Keywords: incidence; risk factors; team sport incidence; risk factors; team sport
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Raya-González, J.; Clemente, F.M.; Beato, M.; Castillo, D. Injury Profile of Male and Female Senior and Youth Handball Players: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3925.

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