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Article

Does Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Occur during the Bench Press Exercise under Blood Flow Restriction?

1
Institute of Sport Sciences, The Jerzy Kukuczka Academy of Physical Education in Katowice, 40-065 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Physical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
3
Center for Sports Performance, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92831, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(11), 3752; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113752
Received: 23 April 2020 / Revised: 23 May 2020 / Accepted: 25 May 2020 / Published: 26 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Sport and Exercise for Health and Performance)
Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of post-activation performance enhancement (PAPE) during successive sets of the bench press (BP) exercise under blood flow restriction (BFR). Methods: The study included 10 strength-trained males (age = 29.8 ± 4.6 years; body mass = 94.3 ± 3.6 kg; BP 1-repetition maximum (1RM) = 168.5 ± 26.4 kg). The experiment was performed following a randomized crossover design, where each participant performed two different exercise protocols: under blood flow restriction (BFR) and control test protocol (CONT) without blood flow restriction. During the experimental sessions, the study participants performed 3 sets of 3 repetitions of the BP exercise at 70%1RM with a 5 min rest interval between sets. The differences in peak power output (PP), mean power output (MP), peak bar velocity (PV), and mean bar velocity (MV) between the CONT and BFR conditions were examined using 2-way (condition × set) repeated measures ANOVA. Furthermore, t-test comparisons between conditions were made for the set 2–set 1, set 3–set 1, and set 3–set 2 delta values for all variables. Results: The post hoc results for condition × set interaction in PP showed a significant increase in set 2 compared to set 1 for BFR (p < 0.01) and CONT (p = 0.01) conditions, a significant increase in set 3 compared to set 1 for the CONT (p = 0.01) condition, as well as a significant decrease in set 3 compared to set 1 for BFR condition occurred (p < 0.01). The post hoc results for condition × set interaction in PV showed a significant increase in set 2 compared to set 1 for BFR (p < 0.01) and CONT (p = 0.01) conditions, a significant increase in set 3 compared to set 1 for CONT (p = 0.03) condition, as well as a significant decrease in set 3 compared to set 1 for BFR condition (p < 0.01). The t-test comparisons showed significant differences in PP (p < 0.01) and PV (p = 0.01) for set 3–set 2 delta values between BFR and CONT conditions. Conclusion: The PAPE effect was analyzed through changes in power output and bar velocity that occurred under both the CONT and BFR conditions. However, the effects of PAPE have different kinetics in successive sets for BFR and for CONT conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: upper limb resistance exercise; power output; bar velocity; occlusion; performance upper limb resistance exercise; power output; bar velocity; occlusion; performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilk, M.; Krzysztofik, M.; Filip, A.; Szkudlarek, A.; Lockie, R.G.; Zajac, A. Does Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Occur during the Bench Press Exercise under Blood Flow Restriction? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3752. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113752

AMA Style

Wilk M, Krzysztofik M, Filip A, Szkudlarek A, Lockie RG, Zajac A. Does Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Occur during the Bench Press Exercise under Blood Flow Restriction? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(11):3752. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113752

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilk, Michal; Krzysztofik, Michal; Filip, Aleksandra; Szkudlarek, Agnieszka; Lockie, Robert G.; Zajac, Adam. 2020. "Does Post-Activation Performance Enhancement Occur during the Bench Press Exercise under Blood Flow Restriction?" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 11: 3752. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17113752

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