Next Article in Journal
Gender Differences in Factors Influencing Self-Efficacy Toward Pregnancy Planning among College Students in Korea
Next Article in Special Issue
Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards the Tiger Mosquito Aedes Albopictus. A Questionnaire Based Survey in Lazio Region (Italy) before the 2017 Chikungunya Outbreak
Previous Article in Journal
Nitrogen-Dioxide Remains a Valid Air Quality Indicator
Previous Article in Special Issue
Detection of Exotic Mosquito Species (Diptera: Culicidae) at International Airports in Europe
Article

Surveillance of a Pest Through a Public Health Information System: The Case of the Blackfly (Simulium erythrocephalum) in Zaragoza (Spain) during 2009–2015

1
Center for Rickettsiosis and Arthropod-Borne Diseases, Hospital San Pedro-CIBIR, Piqueras Street 98, 3rd floor, 26006 Logroño (La Rioja), Spain
2
Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Universidad de Zaragoza, Miguel Servet Street 177, 50013 Zaragoza (Aragon), Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3734; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103734
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 20 May 2020 / Accepted: 22 May 2020 / Published: 25 May 2020
Background: Animals and people in many Spanish regions are increasingly being affected by blackfly bites in the last decade. Because of blackflies, the city of Zaragoza has become in recent years a paradigm of discomfort in Europe, with thousands of citizens affected. The OMI-AP system (Stacks, Barcelona, Spain) implemented by the Government of Aragón, a software that manages the electronic medical history of all patients, has been evaluated in order to document the increase of insect bite recorded by the primary care consultations in Zaragoza after the first outbreak of blackflies occurred in 2011. Methods: An observational, ecological and longitudinal study of insect bites recorded at the primary care consultations was carried out in primary care during the period 2009–2015. Results: The incidence of medical consultations by insect bites in Basic Health Areas (BHA) near to rivers is higher than the furthest BHA. Rural BHA are more affected by insect bites than the urban ones. The increase of medical assistance due to insect bites in Zaragoza since 2011 is correlated with the blackflies bites. Conclusions: This tool was very useful to describe the initial stage of this public health problem. It could be used for guiding public health responses in terms of surveillance and management of this pest. View Full-Text
Keywords: insect bites; OMI-AP; outbreak; primary care; simuliidae; Simulium erythrocephalum insect bites; OMI-AP; outbreak; primary care; simuliidae; Simulium erythrocephalum
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Arrondo, I.; Oteo, J.A.; Lucientes, J.; Muniesa, A.; de Blas, I. Surveillance of a Pest Through a Public Health Information System: The Case of the Blackfly (Simulium erythrocephalum) in Zaragoza (Spain) during 2009–2015. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103734

AMA Style

Ruiz-Arrondo I, Oteo JA, Lucientes J, Muniesa A, de Blas I. Surveillance of a Pest Through a Public Health Information System: The Case of the Blackfly (Simulium erythrocephalum) in Zaragoza (Spain) during 2009–2015. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(10):3734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103734

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz-Arrondo, Ignacio, José A. Oteo, Javier Lucientes, Ana Muniesa, and Ignacio de Blas. 2020. "Surveillance of a Pest Through a Public Health Information System: The Case of the Blackfly (Simulium erythrocephalum) in Zaragoza (Spain) during 2009–2015" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 10: 3734. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103734

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop