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Open AccessArticle

Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) in Spanish People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Preliminary Values Study

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Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group (AFYCAV), Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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Facultad de Administración y Negocios, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Sede Talca 3467987, Chile
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Centre for Sport Studies, Rey Juan Carlos University, 28943 Fuenlabrada, Spain
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Primary Care Center “Manuel Encinas”, 10001 Cáceres, Spain
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Primary Care Center SACYL, 37001 Salamanca, Spain
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Health Economy Motricity and Education (HEME) Research Group, Faculty of Sport Science, University of Extremadura, 10003 Cáceres, Spain
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CIBER de Fragilidad y Envejecimiento Saludable, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(10), 3643; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103643
Received: 10 April 2020 / Revised: 15 May 2020 / Accepted: 18 May 2020 / Published: 22 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Validity and Reliability of Physical Fitness Testing)
Background and objectives: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease characterized by hyperglycemia. T2DM affects millions of people, and has a lot of complications such as impaired sensation in the feet. Moreover, it is important to know the health of the feet of people with T2DM. The aim of this study is to know the preliminary values of the Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) in people with T2DM. Materials and Methods: A total of 87 patients with T2DM with an average age of 65.56 years, divided in 54 men and 33 women, participated in this cross-sectional study. The main outcome was the health of the foot as measured by the FHSQ questionnaire. This questionnaire collects data on eight dimensions: Foot Pain, Foot Function, Shoe, General Foot Health, General Health, Physical Activity, Social Capacity, and Vigor. Results: Patients with T2DM have lower values in Foot Pain; median values in General Foot Health and high values in Foot Function, Shoe, Physical Activity and Social Capacity. Some of these dimensions are affected by age, diabetes control, Body Mass Index (BMI), and years of diagnosis. Females with T2DM have more problems than males in the Shoe, General Foot Health, Physical Activity and Vigor dimensions. Conclusions: this research gives us preliminary values of the FHSQ in Spanish patients with T2DM and divided by gender, age, diabetes control, BMI, and years of diagnosis in people with T2DM. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes; FHSQ; feet; health related quality of life type 2 diabetes; FHSQ; feet; health related quality of life
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Domínguez-Muñoz, F.J.; Garcia-Gordillo, M.A.; Diaz-Torres, R.A.; Hernandez-Mocholi, M.Á.; Villafaina, S.; Collado-Mateo, D.; Jiménez-Fernández, C.; Igual-Fraile, D.; Pérez-Escanilla, F.; Martín-Gómez, G.; Adsuar, J.C.; Gusi, N. Foot Health Status Questionnaire (FHSQ) in Spanish People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Preliminary Values Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 3643.

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