Knowledge of soil erodibility (k-value) is vital for measuring soil erosion and conservation planning. Through field sampling, laboratory analysis, and geostatistical analysis, the effects of land use type and soil depth on soil erodibility were studied in a typical watershed of China. The spatial distribution of k-value was determined by Kriging interpolation. Results showed that: (1) soil organic carbon (SOC) content in the study aera is 0.09–150.00 g/kg, and the soil is dominated by silt. The soil erodibility k-values obeyed normal distribution, with an average value of 0.032 t·hm2
) and a medium degree variation. (2) k-values increased with soil depth. The k-values of surface soil (0–10 cm) for the six different vegetation types ranked in the following order: oak forest > peanut field > grassland > pine forest > tea field > corn field. (3) The theoretical semivariogram model of k-values was a spherical model; k-values in the study area gradually decreased from south to north and east to west, with an obvious banding distribution. Human activities have the greatest effect on k-value such that specific corresponding managements are needed. This could provide scientific and technological support for soil and water conservation measures and comprehensive utilization of the resources.
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