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Injury Prevention: Freestylers’ Awareness of FIS Code of Conduct for Snow Parks
Article

Snowboarders’ Knowledge of the FIS Rules for Conduct on Ski Slopes

1
Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Zaragoza, 22002 Huesca, Spain
2
Faculty of Business and Public Management, University of Zaragoza, 22002 Huesca, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 316; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010316
Received: 18 November 2019 / Revised: 28 December 2019 / Accepted: 31 December 2019 / Published: 2 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mountain Sports Activities: Injuries and Prevention)
The objective of the present study is to assess snowboarders’ general perceptions of safety and knowledge of existing rules and both active and passive knowledge of the International Ski Federation (FIS) regulations in order to contribute to defining target groups for specific educational interventions in the field of injury prevention. Data were drawn from random interviews conducted with 918 snowboarders during the 2017–2018 winter season at five ski resorts located in the Spanish Pyrenees. To collect the data, a questionnaire assessing personal characteristics (gender, age, origin, and self-reported skill), general perception of safety, general request for rules, and knowledge of existing rules was used. Pearson’s Chi-squared tests were performed to compare characteristics between groups. The study revealed, for accident prevention purposes, a concerning lack of general knowledge of existing rules. Risk-inducing situations that could result in severe injuries were largely assessed incorrectly. The appropriate intuitive behavior increases with age and experience: youths and beginners are less able to implement the FIS rules than older and more experienced snowboarders. Stakeholders, such as parents, ski resorts, clubs or schools, should direct educational efforts at high-risk groups. Further research is needed to determine the causal relation between snowboard-related injuries and disregard of FIS rules. View Full-Text
Keywords: accident prevention; snowboard; level of knowledge; FIS Rules for Conduct on ski slopes accident prevention; snowboard; level of knowledge; FIS Rules for Conduct on ski slopes
MDPI and ACS Style

Carus, L.; Castillo, I. Snowboarders’ Knowledge of the FIS Rules for Conduct on Ski Slopes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010316

AMA Style

Carus L, Castillo I. Snowboarders’ Knowledge of the FIS Rules for Conduct on Ski Slopes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010316

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carus, Luis, and Isabel Castillo. 2020. "Snowboarders’ Knowledge of the FIS Rules for Conduct on Ski Slopes" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 316. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010316

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