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Article

Influence of Personality Traits and Its Interaction with the Phenomenon of Bullying: Multi-Centre Descriptive Study

Spanish Red Cross Nursing School, Universidad de Sevilla, Avda. de la Cruz Roja, nº 1 Dpdo., 41009 Seville, Spain
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(1), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010172
Received: 28 November 2019 / Revised: 20 December 2019 / Accepted: 23 December 2019 / Published: 25 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Adolescent and Young People's Health Issues and Challenges)
Bullying affects thousands of teenagers worldwide and has devastating consequences. Various studies suggest that the personality of teenagers is a risk profile for bullying. The aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between the personality of teenagers aged 14 to 16 years from three education centres located in the province of Seville (Spain) and bullying in any of its victim or aggressor roles. A multi-centre cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted in three education centres in the province of Seville (Spain). The sample consisted of 93 students. In order to measure the two main variables, the Bull-S test was used for bullying, and the EPQ-J questionnaire was used for personality traits. A descriptive and correlation analysis was performed between variables. The results showed that 14% (n = 13) of the sample were detected as victims and another 14% (n = 13) were detected as aggressors. Statistically significant differences were found between neuroticism (p = 0.044; Phi = 0.615), sincerity (p = 0.016; V de Cramer = 0.474), and anti-social behaviour (p = 0.007; Phi = 0.620) with the variables victim/aggressor. Bullies are typically males who score high on neuroticism and anti-social behaviour, with a tendency towards social dissimulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescence; aggression; bullying; nursing; personality; schools adolescence; aggression; bullying; nursing; personality; schools
MDPI and ACS Style

Pabón-Carrasco, M.; Ramirez-Baena, L.; Jiménez-Picón, N.; Ponce Blandón, J.A.; Martínez-Montilla, J.M.; Martos-García, R. Influence of Personality Traits and Its Interaction with the Phenomenon of Bullying: Multi-Centre Descriptive Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010172

AMA Style

Pabón-Carrasco M, Ramirez-Baena L, Jiménez-Picón N, Ponce Blandón JA, Martínez-Montilla JM, Martos-García R. Influence of Personality Traits and Its Interaction with the Phenomenon of Bullying: Multi-Centre Descriptive Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(1):172. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010172

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pabón-Carrasco, Manuel, Lucia Ramirez-Baena, Nerea Jiménez-Picón, José A. Ponce Blandón, José M. Martínez-Montilla, and Raúl Martos-García. 2020. "Influence of Personality Traits and Its Interaction with the Phenomenon of Bullying: Multi-Centre Descriptive Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 1: 172. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17010172

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