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Open AccessCommentary

Factors Influencing the Mental Health Consequences of Climate Change in Canada

1
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5T 3M7, Canada
2
Climate Change and Innovation Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON K1P 5N7, Canada
3
Faculty of Environment, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4
Center for Health and the Global Environment, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(9), 1583; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091583
Received: 19 March 2019 / Revised: 1 May 2019 / Accepted: 3 May 2019 / Published: 6 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Human Adaptation to Climate Change)
Climate change is increasing risks to the mental health of Canadians. Impacts from a changing climate may outstrip the ability of Canadians and their health-sustaining institutions to adapt effectively and could increase poor mental health outcomes, particularly amongst those most marginalized in society. A scoping review of literature published during 2000–2017 explored risks, impacts, and vulnerabilities related to climate change and mental health. In this commentary, the authors present a new assessment of evidence from this scoping review and highlight factors that influence the capacity to adapt to the mental health consequences of a changing climate. Findings from this assessment reveal eleven key factors that influence the capacity to adapt: social capital; sense of community; government assistance; access to resources; community preparedness; intersectoral/transdisciplinary collaboration; vulnerability and adaptation assessments; communication and outreach; mental health literacy; and culturally relevant resources. Attention to these factors by Canadian decision makers can support proactive and effective management of the mental health consequences of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; mental health; adaptation; extreme weather; adaptive capacity; marginalized populations climate change; mental health; adaptation; extreme weather; adaptive capacity; marginalized populations
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Hayes, K.; Berry, P.; Ebi, K.L. Factors Influencing the Mental Health Consequences of Climate Change in Canada. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1583.

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