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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1393; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081393

Flooding in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia, in February 2019 and Its Effects on Mosquito-Borne Diseases

1
Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
2
College of Medicine and Dentistry, Division of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2019 / Revised: 11 April 2019 / Accepted: 12 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
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PDF [1973 KB, uploaded 17 April 2019]
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Abstract

In February 2019, a major flooding event occurred in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia. Here we present a prediction of the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases (MBDs) after the flooding. We used a mathematical modelling approach based on mosquito population abundance, survival, and size as well as current infectiousness to predict the changes in the occurrences of MBDs due to flooding in the study area. Based on 2019 year-to-date number of notifiable MBDs, we predicted an increase in number of cases, with a peak at 104 by one-half month after the flood receded. The findings in this study indicate that Townsville may see an upsurge in the cases of MBDs in the coming days. However, the burden of diseases will go down again if the mosquito control program being implemented by the City Council continues. As our predictions focus on the near future, longer term effects of flooding on the occurrence of mosquito-borne diseases need to be studied further. View Full-Text
Keywords: flooding; mosquito-borne diseases; North Queensland; dengue; Ross River virus; wet–dry tropics flooding; mosquito-borne diseases; North Queensland; dengue; Ross River virus; wet–dry tropics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Adekunle, A.I.; Adegboye, O.A.; Rahman, K.M. Flooding in Townsville, North Queensland, Australia, in February 2019 and Its Effects on Mosquito-Borne Diseases. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1393.

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