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Who Should Play a Key Role in Preventing Common Mental Disorders that Affect Employees in the Workplace? Results of a Survey with Occupational Health Physicians, Primary Care Physicians, Psychotherapists, and Human Resource Managers

1
Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine and Health Services Research, University Hospital Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
2
Research Centre for Occupational and Social Medicine (FFAS), 79098 Freiburg, Germany
3
Ulm University Medical Center, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, 89070 Ulm, Germany
4
Leadership Personality Center Ulm (LPCU), Ulm University, 89073 Ulm, Germany
5
Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The authors have contributed equally.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1383; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081383
Received: 4 February 2019 / Revised: 2 April 2019 / Accepted: 15 April 2019 / Published: 17 April 2019
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Abstract

The rising burden of common mental disorders (CMDs) in employees requires strategies for prevention. No systematic data exist about how those involved perceive their roles, responsibilities, and interactions with other professional groups. Therefore, we performed a multi-professional standardized survey with health professionals in Germany. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 133 occupational health physicians (OHPs), 136 primary care physicians (PCPs), 186 psychotherapists (PTs), and 172 human resource managers (HRMs). Inter alia, they were asked which health professionals working in the company health service and in the outpatient care or in the sector of statutory insurance agents should play a key role in the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention of CMDs in employees. The McNemar test was used in order to compare the attributed roles among the professionals involved. With regard to CMDs, all the professional groups involved in this study declared OHPs as the most relevant pillar in the field of prevention. In primary prevention, HRMs regarded themselves, OHPs, and health insurance agents as equally relevant in terms of prevention. PTs indicated an important role for employee representatives in this field. In secondary prevention, PCPs were regarded as important as OHPs. HRMs indicated themselves as equally important as OHPs and PCPs. In tertiary prevention, only OHPs identified themselves as main protagonists. The other groups marked a variety of several professions. There is a common acceptance from the parties involved that might help the first steps be taken toward overcoming barriers, e.g., by developing a common framework for quality-assured intersectional cooperation in the field of CMD prevention in employees. View Full-Text
Keywords: common mental disorders; employees; commitment to prevention; survey; occupational health physicians; primary care physicians; psychotherapists; human resource managers common mental disorders; employees; commitment to prevention; survey; occupational health physicians; primary care physicians; psychotherapists; human resource managers
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Michaelis, M.; Balint, E.M.; Junne, F.; Zipfel, S.; Gündel, H.; Lange, R.; Rieger, M.A.; Rothermund, E. Who Should Play a Key Role in Preventing Common Mental Disorders that Affect Employees in the Workplace? Results of a Survey with Occupational Health Physicians, Primary Care Physicians, Psychotherapists, and Human Resource Managers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1383.

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