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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(8), 1353; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16081353

Adaptation and Health: Are Countries with More Climate-sensitive Health Sectors More Likely to Receive Adaptation Aid?

Department of Social Sciences, University of Basel, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
Received: 5 March 2019 / Revised: 28 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 April 2019 / Published: 15 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Reduction)
PDF [579 KB, uploaded 15 April 2019]

Abstract

Climate change poses a severe challenge for many developing countries, and the need to adapt has been widely recognized. Public health is one of the sectors where adaptation is necessary, as a warming climate likely affects general health conditions, the spread of various diseases, etc. Some countries are more affected by such climatic challenges, as their climate sensitivity—both to health-related issues and to climate change in general—is higher. This study examines whether more climate-sensitive countries are more likely to receive support from donors through the relatively new channel of adaptation aid, with a particular focus on the health sector. To investigate this relationship, this study proposes and operationalizes a new indicator to capture climate sensitivity of countries’ health sectors. The results, however, indicate that climate sensitivity does not matter for adaptation aid allocation. Instead, adaptation aid to a large degree follows development aid. In light of the promises repeatedly made by donors in the climate negotiations that adaptation aid should go to the most vulnerable, developing countries should push for a different allocation mechanism of adaptation aid in future negotiation rounds.
Keywords: adaptation; adaptation aid; public health; vulnerability and health; climate-sensitivity and health adaptation; adaptation aid; public health; vulnerability and health; climate-sensitivity and health
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Weiler, F. Adaptation and Health: Are Countries with More Climate-sensitive Health Sectors More Likely to Receive Adaptation Aid? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1353.

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