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Health Literacy Studies Conducted in Australia: A Scoping Review

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National Institute of Psychology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Department of Psychology, Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 53100, Malaysia
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Pharmacy, School of Medicine, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Hobart 7005, Australia
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Faculty of Pharmacy, Quest International University Perak, Ipoh 30250, Perak, Malaysia
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Department of Psychology, Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine & Health Sciences, Monash University, Sunway City 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Psychology, University of Wah, Punjab 47000, Pakistan
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School of Healthcare, University of Leeds, Leeds LS29JT, UK
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Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, University of Veterinary & Animal Sciences, Lahore 54700, Pakistan
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School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Sunway City 45700, Selangor, Malaysia
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School of Medicine, College of Health and Medicine, University of Tasmania, Launceston 7250, Australia
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(7), 1112; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16071112
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 28 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Health literacy (HL) is an essential component of various literacies mentioned in the field of health and education, including cultural, technological, media and scientific literacies. It is important for motivating higher consumer engagement. We aimed to review previous studies of HL in Australia to inform future studies, extend current knowledge and further enhance HL. Using search strings, a systematic search of four databases (i.e., MEDLINE; Embase; CINAHL and Eric) was carried out. A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) based search strategy led to identification of a total of N = 9696 records, that were further screened for inclusion in the review. The review findings were categorized into three major themes: (1) HL and health numeracy; (2) contrast of: knowledge deficiency, knowledge gained, problems of current health care system and (3) HL measurement methods and its domains. The findings from this scoping review show a dearth of measurement tools with sound psychometric properties for assessing HL. The findings also reveal low levels of HL in consumers which is in turn affecting health-related behaviors, utilization of health services and navigation of the health system. More recent developments have tried to integrate vital aspects, including introduction of applications to increase HL and exploring HL in Aboriginal communities. View Full-Text
Keywords: health literacy measurement; health knowledge; health numeracy; health-related literacy; consumer health information health literacy measurement; health knowledge; health numeracy; health-related literacy; consumer health information
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Choudhry, F.R.; Ming, L.C.; Munawar, K.; Zaidi, S.T.R.; Patel, R.P.; Khan, T.M.; Elmer, S. Health Literacy Studies Conducted in Australia: A Scoping Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1112.

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