Interleukin-3 Polymorphism is Associated with Miscarriage of Fresh in Vitro Fertilization Cycles
AbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the association between interleukin (IL) genes polymorphisms and in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcome. A prospective cohort analysis was performed at a Women’s Hospital IVF centre of 1015 female patients undergoing fresh non-donor IVF cycles. The effects of the following six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in five IL genes on IVF outcomes were explored: IL-1α (rs1800587 C/T), IL-3 (rs40401 C/T), IL-6 (rs1800795 C/G), IL-15 (rs3806798 A/T), IL-18 (rs187238 C/G) and IL-18 (rs1946518 G/T). The main outcome measures included clinical pregnancy, embryo implantation, abortion and live birth rates. There were no statistically significant differences in clinical pregnancy, embryo implantation and live birth rates in the analysis of 1015 patients attempting their first cycle of IVF. Infertile women with IL-3 homozygous major genotype had a higher abortion rate than those with heterozygous and homozygous minor genotype (16.5% vs. 7.9%, P = 0.025). In conclusion, our results indicated that the IL-3 rs40401 polymorphism is associated with increased risk of abortion of IVF patients. Future studies with inclusion of other ethnic populations must be conducted to confirm the findings of this study. View Full-Text
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Wu, C.-H.; Lee, T.-H.; Yang, S.-F.; Tsao, H.-M.; Chang, Y.-J.; Chou, C.-H.; Lee, M.-S. Interleukin-3 Polymorphism is Associated with Miscarriage of Fresh in Vitro Fertilization Cycles. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 995.
Wu C-H, Lee T-H, Yang S-F, Tsao H-M, Chang Y-J, Chou C-H, Lee M-S. Interleukin-3 Polymorphism is Associated with Miscarriage of Fresh in Vitro Fertilization Cycles. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(6):995.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Cheng-Hsuan; Lee, Tsung-Hsien; Yang, Shun-Fa; Tsao, Hui-Mei; Chang, Yu-Jun; Chou, Chia-Hsuan; Lee, Maw-Sheng. 2019. "Interleukin-3 Polymorphism is Associated with Miscarriage of Fresh in Vitro Fertilization Cycles." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 6: 995.
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