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Lack of Knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Implications for STDs Prevention and Care among Dermatology Patients in an Urban City in Vietnam

1
National Hospital of Dermatology and Venereology, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
2
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
3
Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
4
Center of Excellence in Evidence-Based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
5
Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
6
Institute of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, Vietnam—Germany Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
7
Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
8
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, MD 21205, USA
9
Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
10
Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
11
Biomedical Global Institute of Healthcare Research & Technology (BIGHEART), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 1080; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061080
Received: 30 January 2019 / Revised: 20 March 2019 / Accepted: 22 March 2019 / Published: 26 March 2019
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PDF [285 KB, uploaded 26 March 2019]

Abstract

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a substantial global burden of diseases, especially in developing countries. Lack of awareness of STDs may lead to a delay in treatment. This study aimed to assess knowledge about STDs and the associated factors among dermatological patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 622 patients at Vietnam National Hospital of Dermatology and Venereology (NHD). Structured questionnaires were used to investigate the knowledge about STDs. A multivariate Tobit regression was employed to determine factors associated with knowledge about STDs. The percentage of patients knowing that syphilis was an STD was highest (57.8%), followed by herpes warts (57.7%) and HIV/AIDS (57.4%). By contrast, 26.6% and 17.2% of patients knew that chlamydia and hepatitis C were STDs. The most commonly stated symptom of STDs was purulent genital (53.5%). Nearly two-thirds of participants were aware of the curability of STDs, and 34.7% knew about vaccines for STDs. Living with partners, young age, and acquired knowledge of STDs via the Internet, social networks, and health staff were positively related to having better knowledge about STDs. Based on the results of this study, peer education, informal conversations within clusters, mass community campaigns through the Internet and social networks, and the use of online health care providers should be promoted in order to improve awareness of STDs. View Full-Text
Keywords: STIs; STDs; sexually transmitted infections; dermatology; Vietnam STIs; STDs; sexually transmitted infections; dermatology; Vietnam
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nguyen, S.H.; Dang, A.K.; Vu, G.T.; Nguyen, C.T.; Le, T.H.T.; Truong, N.T.; Hoang, C.L.; Tran, T.T.; Tran, T.H.; Pham, H.Q.; Dao, N.G.; Tran, B.X.; Latkin, C.A.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M. Lack of Knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Implications for STDs Prevention and Care among Dermatology Patients in an Urban City in Vietnam. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1080.

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