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Association between Take-Out Food Consumption and Obesity among Chinese University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Stomatology, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
2
Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
3
Department of Occupational and Enviromental Health Science, Health Science Center, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
4
Institute of Reproductive and Child Health/Ministry of Health Key Laboratory of Reproductive Health and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Center, Beijing 100191, China
5
Key Laboratory for Neuroscience of National Health Commission, Beijing 100191, China
6
Neuroscience Research Institute, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
7
Key Laboratory for Neuroscience of Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(6), 1071; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16061071
Received: 15 February 2019 / Revised: 21 March 2019 / Accepted: 23 March 2019 / Published: 25 March 2019
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PDF [318 KB, uploaded 28 March 2019]

Abstract

Background: The frequency of take-out food consumption has increased rapidly among Chinese college students, which has contributed to high obesity prevalence. However, the relationships between take-out food consumption, body mass index (BMI), and other individual factors influencing eating behavior among college students are still unclear. This study explored the association of take-out food consumption with gender, BMI, physical activity, preference for high-fat and high-sugar (HFHS) food, major category, and degree level among Chinese college students. Methods: Cross-sectional data were collected from 1220 college students in Beijing, China, regarding information about take-out food consumption, physical activity, and preference for HFHS food using a self-reported questionnaire. The logistic linear regression model was used to analyze the association between take-out food consumption and personal and lifestyle characteristics. Results: Out of 1220 college students, 11.6% of college students were overweight or obese. Among the personal and lifestyle characteristics, high frequency of take-out food consumption was significantly associated with a non-medical major, high preference for HFHS food, degree level, and higher BMI, but not physical activity. Conclusion: Among Chinese college students, consumption of take-out food may be affected by major category, preference for HFHS food, degree level, and BMI. This could provide guidance on restrictions of high take-out food consumption, which contributes to high obesity prevalence and high risk for metabolic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; take-out food consumption; taste preference; major category; degree level obesity; take-out food consumption; taste preference; major category; degree level
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Jiang, Y.; Wang, J.; Wu, S.; Li, N.; Wang, Y.; Liu, J.; Xu, X.; He, Z.; Cheng, Y.; Zeng, X.; Wang, B.; Zhang, C.; Zhao, M.; Su, Z.; Guo, B.; Yang, W.; Zheng, R. Association between Take-Out Food Consumption and Obesity among Chinese University Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1071.

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