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Article

Real Foliage Plants as Visual Stimuli to Improve Concentration and Attention in Elementary Students

by 1, 1 and 1,2,*
1
Department of Animal and Plant Assisted Therapy, Graduate School of Agriculture and Animal Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
2
Department of Environmental Health Science, Sanghuh College of Life Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(5), 796; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050796
Received: 20 January 2019 / Revised: 20 February 2019 / Accepted: 28 February 2019 / Published: 5 March 2019
This study was conducted to determine the physiological and psychological benefits of foliage plants as visual stimuli. Twenty-three elementary students (aged 11 to 13 years old) participated in this study. In a crossover design, electroencephalography (EEG) was used to measure and determine the psycho-physiological effects of four different visual stimuli: an actual plant, artificial plant, photograph of a plant, and no plant. Subjective evaluations of emotions were assessed using the profile of mood state and semantic differential methods immediately after exposure to each visual stimulus. A significant decrease in theta waves of the frontal lobe was associated with presentation of the actual plants. This response indicated that the viewing of living plants prompted improvements in the attention and concentration of the elementary students. Furthermore, the presentation of the living plants was associated with more positive mood states, such as feelings of comfort and naturalness. In conclusion, actual plants may improve attention and prompt psychological relaxation in elementary students relative to artificial plants, photographs of plants, or the absence of plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: brain waves; electroencephalography; horticultural therapy; mood state; socio-horticulture brain waves; electroencephalography; horticultural therapy; mood state; socio-horticulture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oh, Y.-A.; Kim, S.-O.; Park, S.-A. Real Foliage Plants as Visual Stimuli to Improve Concentration and Attention in Elementary Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050796

AMA Style

Oh Y-A, Kim S-O, Park S-A. Real Foliage Plants as Visual Stimuli to Improve Concentration and Attention in Elementary Students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050796

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oh, Yun-Ah, Seon-Ok Kim, and Sin-Ae Park. 2019. "Real Foliage Plants as Visual Stimuli to Improve Concentration and Attention in Elementary Students" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 5: 796. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050796

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