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Open AccessArticle

Generalizability of Total Worker Health® Online Training for Young Workers

Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Confluence Health, Wenatchee, WA 98801, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(4), 577;
Received: 18 January 2019 / Revised: 9 February 2019 / Accepted: 12 February 2019 / Published: 16 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Using Total Worker Health® to Advance Worker Health and Safety)
Young workers (under 25-years-old) are at risk of workplace injuries due to inexperience, high-risk health behaviors, and a lack of knowledge about workplace hazards. Training based on Total Worker Health® (TWH) principles can improve their knowledge of and ability to identify hazards associated with work organization and environment. In this study, we assessed changes to knowledge and behavior following an online safety and health training between two groups by collecting information on the demographic characteristics, knowledge, and self-reported behaviors of workplace health and safety at three different points in time. The participants’ age ranged from 15 to 24 years. Age adjusted results exhibited a significant increase in knowledge immediately after completing the training, although knowledge decreased in both groups in the follow-up. Amazon Marketplace Mechanical Turk (MTurk) participants demonstrated a greater increase in knowledge, with a significantly higher score compared to the baseline, indicating retention of knowledge three months after completing the training. The majority of participants in both groups reported that they liked the Promoting U through Safety and Health (PUSH) training for improving health and safety and that the training should be provided before starting a job. Participants also said that the training was interactive, informative and humorous. The participants reported that the PUSH training prepared them to identify and control hazards in their workplace and to communicate well with the supervisors and coworkers about their rights. Training programs based on TWH improves the safety, health and well-being of young workers. View Full-Text
Keywords: young workers; training; Total Worker Health®; MTurk; health; safety; likeability; behavior change young workers; training; Total Worker Health®; MTurk; health; safety; likeability; behavior change
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Aryal, A.; Parish, M.; Rohlman, D.S. Generalizability of Total Worker Health® Online Training for Young Workers. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 577.

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