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Perceived Body Appearance and Eating Habits: The Voice of Young and Adult Students Attending Higher Education

Department of Education and Psychology, The Open University of Israel, Raanana 4353701, Israel
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 451;
Received: 20 November 2018 / Revised: 31 January 2019 / Accepted: 31 January 2019 / Published: 4 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Field of Human Health and Environment)
This study examined the relationship between social-environmental influences and body image perception. Specifically, the study explored the perceived body appearance among young and older students attending higher education, and their eating experiences, as related to four main social-environmental circles: family, friends, work colleagues, and media. The present study interviewed 30 students (14 men and 16 women) ages 20–40. The findings show that most of the participants were concerned about their appearance, reported on various eating habits rooted on family tradition. Findings revealed differences among gender and age groups regarding, especially regarding sport and dissatisfaction with their own perceived appearance. Although more women reported on healthy eating habits and doing sport, they reported higher dissatisfaction with their body appearance. It was found that in both groups, family habits and their parents’ remarks about bodies had an ongoing effect and significant influence on their body self-perceptions. Further health promotion should be directed in particular to individuals with a perceived negative body image, in order to enhance positive body self-perception, implementing heathy eating habits and engaging higher commitment to sport. View Full-Text
Keywords: body-image perception; adults; appearance; habits body-image perception; adults; appearance; habits
MDPI and ACS Style

Heiman, T.; Olenik-Shemesh, D. Perceived Body Appearance and Eating Habits: The Voice of Young and Adult Students Attending Higher Education. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 451.

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