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An Evaluation Model for Urban Comprehensive Carrying Capacity: An Empirical Case from Harbin City

1
School of Civil Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, Harbin 150040, China
2
School of Management, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(3), 367; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16030367
Received: 25 December 2018 / Revised: 23 January 2019 / Accepted: 24 January 2019 / Published: 28 January 2019
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Abstract

Urbanization has brought notable benefits for cities, but has also resulted in severe and diverse challenges in China. Previous studies have contributed to the definitions and evaluation of urbanization. However, there remain a great deal of ambiguities regarding urban comprehensive carrying capacity, and its measurable indicators still need further exploration given the urban development. This study aims to explore a model for evaluating urban comprehensive carrying capacity and thus to promote urban development. A total of 48 indicators which fell into 8 subsystems were identified to evaluate the urban comprehensive carrying capacity through literature reviews and interviews. The indicator set was developed for evaluation indicator selecting. Meanwhile, the dynamic system was explored, and an evaluation model based on the entire array polygon method was designed to evaluate urban comprehensive carrying capacity. Finally, a case study was conducted to provide suggestions for the decision-maker to implement the evaluation model. The results of this study show that the evaluation indicator system was dynamic due to urban development. Meanwhile, the model of the entire array polygon method was able to effectively evaluate urban comprehensive carrying capacity through the case study. Furthermore, this study found that there is an imbalance among subsystems in urban development according to the standard deviation. The findings are useful for setting up a benchmark framework for urban sustainability and providing an evaluation and monitoring model for decision maker to improve the urban carrying capacity. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; urbanization; urban comprehensive carrying capacity; entire array polygon method sustainability; urbanization; urban comprehensive carrying capacity; entire array polygon method
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Su, Y.; Xue, H.; Liang, H. An Evaluation Model for Urban Comprehensive Carrying Capacity: An Empirical Case from Harbin City. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 367.

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