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Psychometric Evaluation of the Nursing Outcome Knowledge: Pain Management in People with Chronic Pain

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Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Campus Las Lagunillas, s/n, 23071 Jaén, Spain
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Jaén University Hospital, Avenida del Ejército Español 10, 23007 Jaén, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(23), 4604; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16234604
Received: 23 October 2019 / Revised: 17 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 21 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Pain has a major impact on health and quality of life. Since the level of knowledge of painful conditions can influence how these are addressed and managed, assessing this knowledge in patients becomes crucial. As a result, it is necessary to have culturally adapted and validated instruments that specifically measure patients’ knowledge of chronic pain management. The objective of this study was to carry out the Spanish cultural adaptation and the validation of the outcome Knowledge: Pain Management of the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) in patients with chronic pain, defined as extent of understanding conveyed about causes, symptoms, and treatment of pain. A three-stage study was designed: (1) translation and cultural adaptation through an expert panel, (2) content validation, (3) clinical validation. This study provides nurses with a Spanish version of this scale adapted to their context, as well as a set of structured indicators to measure patients’ knowledge about chronic pain. The results indicated that the culturally adapted Spanish version of the outcome Knowledge: Pain Management had a high level of content validity (CVI = 0.92), with 27 indicators being distributed between two factors. This version has been shown to be reliable in terms of inter-observer agreement (κ = 0.79) and internal consistency (α = 0.95). In conclusion, Knowledge: Pain Management has been shown to be reliable and valid to measure knowledge of chronic pain. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic pain; Knowledge: Pain Management; nursing outcomes classification (NOC) chronic pain; Knowledge: Pain Management; nursing outcomes classification (NOC)
MDPI and ACS Style

Pancorbo-Hidalgo, P.L.; Bellido-Vallejo, J.C. Psychometric Evaluation of the Nursing Outcome Knowledge: Pain Management in People with Chronic Pain. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4604.

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