- freely available
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4573; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224573
1.1. Housing Situation of Senior Citizens in Poland
1.2. Housing Preferences of Senior Citizens
1.3. The Purpose and Motives of the Conducted Research
3. The Demographic Characteristics of the Research Area
4. The Willingness to Move from an Apartment/House to an Apartment/House Adapted to the Mobility Needs Depending on the Place of Residence and Age of the Respondents
5. Developing a Special Sales Offer of Apartments/Houses for Senior Citizens vs. the Respondent’s Family Situation, Place of Residence, and Age
5.1. Family Situation vs. Opinion about Establishing Senior Housing Estates
5.2. Current Place of Residence by the Type of Building vs. Developing a Housing Offer for Senior Citizens
5.3. The Respondents’ Age vs. Opinion on Developing a Housing Offer for Senior Citizens
6. Preferred Square Footage of an Apartment/House and the Facilities It Provides
- Residents of large cities are more likely to change their place of residence in order to purchase an apartment adapted to their mobility needs (free from architectural or technical barriers).
- The research has not shown that as people age, their willingness to change the place of residence into an apartment adapted to their mobility needs declines, and hence the housing offer can be addressed to seniors of all ages.
- The conducted research allowed determining preferences regarding the square footage of apartments at senior housing estates and preferences for special services. Apartments ranging in size from 35 to 50 m2 were the most popular. Thus, such apartments should be offered predominantly at senior housing estates. The apartments up to 35 m2 ranked as second.
- In the opinion of the elderly, senior housing estates should be guarded, 24 h medical care should be provided as well as a house cleaning service and a canteen. These special facilities are needed because of the reduced ability to perform various daily activities and worsening health condition.
- The aforementioned suggestions should be taken into account while planning and constructing housing estates addressed to senior citizens by developer companies.
Conflicts of Interest
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|Research on the Demand and Preferences for Purchasing Apartments Addressed to Senior Citizens|
|1. Do you hold a disability degree certificate?|
|2. If so, the certificate states:|
|severe degree of disability|
|moderate degree of disability|
|mild degree of disability|
|3. Do you think that a special sales offer of apartments/houses for senior citizens should be developed?|
|I have no opinion|
|4. Would you be willing to change your apartment/house into an apartment/house adapted to the needs resulting from mobility limitations?|
|5. Should the apartments adapted for seniors:|
|be established as entire housing estates?|
|be established as a certain share of apartments (a part) in a housing estate, if so what share (%)?|
|6. Would you be willing to change your place of residence and purchase an apartment adapted to your mobility needs (free from architectural or technical barriers)?|
|7. Have you ever heard of a housing offer addressed to senior citizens:|
|8. If you decided to change/purchase an apartment, what square footage would you be interested in?|
|up to 35 m2|
|more than 80 m2|
|9. What public services should be available in the immediate vicinity of the senior housing estate?|
|Health care centre|
|A community centre providing activities for senior citizens|
|Public transport stop|
|Other, what kind…|
|10. What additional facilities should be available at the senior housing estate?|
|24 h medical care (on call duty at the estate)|
|24 h medical care on call (button in the apartment)|
|Live-in caregiver, assistant|
|Guarded housing estate|
|Other, what kind …|
|11. Respondent’s place of residence:|
|Apartment in a multi-family building (apartment block)|
|Other, what kind…|
|12. Respondent’s family situation:|
|I live alone|
|I live with a husband/wife|
|I live with a husband/wife and children|
|I live with children|
|I live with (parents, sister, brother, extended family) * delete as appropriate|
|Other, what kind …|
|13. Age range:|
|85 and older|
|14. Place of residence:|
|City up to 50,000 residents|
|City up to 100,000 residents|
|City up to 250,000 residents|
|City over 250,000 residents|
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