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Open AccessArticle

Specific Eccentric–Isokinetic Cluster Training Improves Static Strength Elements on Rings for Elite Gymnasts

1
Department of Elite Sport, Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen (SFISM), 2532 Magglingen, BE, Switzerland
2
Department of Neurosciences and Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
3
Department Biomedical Engineering (DBE), University of Basel, 4123 Allschwil, BL, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4571; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224571
Received: 15 October 2019 / Revised: 11 November 2019 / Accepted: 15 November 2019 / Published: 18 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sports and Health)
In gymnastics, coaches are constantly searching for efficient training methods in order to improve the athletes’ performance. Therefore, in this study we aimed to investigate the effects of a novel, four-week, gymnastic-specific, eccentric–isokinetic (0.1 m/s) cluster training on a computer-controlled training device on the improvement of two static strength elements on rings (swallow and support scale). Nine elite male gymnasts participated in this study. Outcome parameters were maximum strength and strength endurance in maintaining the static position of both elements. After four weeks of training, specific maximum strength increased significantly (swallow: +4.1%; d = 0.85; p = 0.01; support scale: +3.6%; d = 2.47; p = 0.0002) and strength endurance tended to improve (swallow: +104.8%; d = 0.60; p = 0.07; support scale: +26.8%; d = 0.27; p = 0.19). Our results demonstrate that top athletes can considerably improve ring-specific strength and strength endurance in only four weeks. We assumed that the high specificity but also the unfamiliar stimulus of slow eccentric movements with very long times under maximal muscle tension led to these improvements. We suggest to use this type of training periodically and during phases in which the technical training load is low. View Full-Text
Keywords: strength training; eccentric; isokinetic; upper limbs; artistic gymnastics; rings; males strength training; eccentric; isokinetic; upper limbs; artistic gymnastics; rings; males
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Schärer, C.; Tacchelli, L.; Göpfert, B.; Gross, M.; Lüthy, F.; Taube, W.; Hübner, K. Specific Eccentric–Isokinetic Cluster Training Improves Static Strength Elements on Rings for Elite Gymnasts. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4571.

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