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Open AccessArticle

Pre- and Post-Immigration Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Young Adult Recent Latino Immigrants: An Ecodevelopmental Approach

1
Department of Medical and Population Health Sciences Research, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2
Center for Research on U.S. Latino HIV/AIDS and Drug Abuse (CRUSADA), School of Social Work, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
3
Department of Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Robert Stempel College of Public Health and Social Work, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Shared first co-authorship/equal contributions.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4391; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224391
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 30 October 2019 / Accepted: 6 November 2019 / Published: 10 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minority Health Issues and Health Disparities)
Latinos in the United States experience numerous alcohol-related health disparities. There is accumulating evidence that pre-immigration factors are associated with post-immigration alcohol use, but the explanation for health disparities remains unclear. The present study is a secondary analysis of data from the Recent Latino Immigrant Study (RLIS), the first community-based cohort study to examine the pre- to post-immigration alcohol use trajectories of young adult Latino immigrants during their initial years in the United States. Exploratory analysis and hierarchical multiple logistic regression were performed to assess associations between various pre- and post-immigration factors and alcohol misuse among young adult Latino immigrants early in the immigration process. Using an ecodevelopmental approach, we examined potential social and environmental determinants across multiple levels of influence associated with post-immigration alcohol misuse in this population. The study sample consisted of 474 young adult Latino immigrants between the ages of 18–34. The sample was comprised of the following national/regional origins: Cuban (43%), South American (28.7%), and Central American (28.3%). Approximately half of the sample (49.6%) reported a family history of substance use problems (FHSUP+). Participants who reported FHSUP+ and who engaged in alcohol misuse prior to immigrating to the US were more likely to engage in post-immigration alcohol misuse. Results revealed various social and environmental factors associated with pre-immigration alcohol misuse in this population. Study findings can inform culturally tailored prevention interventions aimed at mitigating problem drinking behaviors among young adult recent Latino immigrants. View Full-Text
Keywords: minority health; health disparities; social determinants of health; alcohol dependence; risk and protective factors; health minority health; health disparities; social determinants of health; alcohol dependence; risk and protective factors; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Levitt, E.; Ainuz, B.; Pourmoussa, A.; Acuna, J.; De La Rosa, M.; Zevallos, J.; Wang, W.; Rodriguez, P.; Castro, G.; Sanchez, M. Pre- and Post-Immigration Correlates of Alcohol Misuse among Young Adult Recent Latino Immigrants: An Ecodevelopmental Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4391.

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