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Open AccessArticle

Association between Basal Metabolic Rate and Handgrip Strength in Older Koreans

by Sung-Kwan Oh 1,†, Da-Hye Son 1,†, Yu-Jin Kwon 2, Hye Sun Lee 3 and Ji-Won Lee 1,*
Department of Family Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
Department of Family Medicine, Yong-In Severance Hospital, 23 Yongmunno (405 Yeokbuk-dong), Gyeonggi 17046, Korea
Biostatistics Collaboration Unit, Department of Research Affairs, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50-1 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemoon-gu, Seoul 03722, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this paper.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4377;
Received: 16 October 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 9 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health)
We investigated the relationship between the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and muscle strength through measurement of handgrip strength. We conducted a cross-sectional study of a population representative of older Korean from the 2014–2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 2512 community-dwelling men and women aged 65 years and older were included. The BMR was calculated with the Singapore equation and handgrip strength was measured using a digital dynamometer. The patients were categorized into handgrip strength quartiles and a weighted one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) for continuous variables and a weighted chi-squared test for categorical variables were performed. Pearson, Spearman correlation analysis, univariate, and multivariate linear regression were performed. Analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was also performed to determine the association between basal metabolic rate and handgrip strength quartiles after adjusting for confounding factors. The BMR increased according to handgrip strength quartile after adjusting for age, BMI, relative fat mass, comorbidity number, resistance exercise, aerobic physical activity, household income, educational level, smoking status, and alcohol ingestion in both sexes (p < 0.001). Handgrip strength has a positive association with the BMR in older Korean people. Therefore, muscle strength exercises should be considered for regulating the BMR in the older people. View Full-Text
Keywords: hand strength; muscle strength dynamometer; basal metabolic rate; sarcopenia; Koreans hand strength; muscle strength dynamometer; basal metabolic rate; sarcopenia; Koreans
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Oh, S.-K.; Son, D.-H.; Kwon, Y.-J.; Lee, H.S.; Lee, J.-W. Association between Basal Metabolic Rate and Handgrip Strength in Older Koreans. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4377.

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