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Article

An Analysis of Large-Scale Forced Migration in Africa

1
Institute for Eastern and African Studies, Social Sciences University of Ankara, Ankara 06030, Turkey
2
Department of Civil Engineering, Bartin University, Bartin 74100, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4210; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214210
Received: 15 August 2019 / Revised: 25 October 2019 / Accepted: 27 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
In this paper, human security-related causes of large-scale forced migration (LSFM) in Africa are investigated for the period 2011–2017. As distinct from the conventional understanding of (national) security, human security involves economic, public health, environmental and other aspects of people’s wellbeing. Testing various hypotheses, we have found that civil and interstate conflicts, lack of democracy and poverty are the most important drivers of mass population displacements, whereas climate change has an indirect effect on the dependent variable. As a policy tool, foreign aid is also tested to see if it lowers the probability of LSFM. Our findings have implications for policy planning, since the conventional understanding of security falls short of addressing LSFM without taking various aspects of human security into account. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; violence; human security; public health; migration; Africa climate change; violence; human security; public health; migration; Africa
MDPI and ACS Style

Bayar, M.; Aral, M.M. An Analysis of Large-Scale Forced Migration in Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214210

AMA Style

Bayar M, Aral MM. An Analysis of Large-Scale Forced Migration in Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214210

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bayar, Murat, and Mustafa M. Aral. 2019. "An Analysis of Large-Scale Forced Migration in Africa" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4210. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214210

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