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Open AccessArticle

Mothers’ Subjective Well-Being after Having a Second Child in Current China: A Case Study of Xi’an City

1
The Institute for Population & Development Studies, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
2
The School of Public Policy & Administration, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(20), 3823; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16203823
Received: 27 July 2019 / Revised: 1 October 2019 / Accepted: 2 October 2019 / Published: 10 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women's Reproductive and Maternal Health)
The introduction of the two-child family planning policy in China calls for a study of the response of mothers’ subjective well-being after the birth of a second child. Generally focusing on Western countries, previous studies suggested that a series of factors could influence the response, but insufficient attention has been paid to the relative importance of these factors so far. Based on survey data from mothers of two children in the Xi’an metropolitan area, Shaanxi Province, China, our study indicates that the important factors associated with mothers’ life satisfaction after having a second child were, in general, common to Western countries and China. There were also two factors somewhat unique to China: positive adjustment (i.e., becoming happier) by firstborn children (average age, 6 years old) following a sibling’s birth, predicted enhanced life satisfaction for mothers; additionally, mothers who had both a son and a daughter reported the highest increase in life satisfaction, while mothers who had two sons reported the lowest increase. Socioenvironmental constraints (i.e., parenting pressure and work–family conflict) had a larger association with mothers’ life satisfaction than individual ideational factors (e.g., family orientation and fertility desire). These findings suggest that fertility-friendly policies and convenient family intervention institutions are needed to alleviate potential undesirable consequences and improve maternal life quality following a second childbirth so that the two-child policy can be a success. View Full-Text
Keywords: life satisfaction; children’s well-being; low fertility; two-child policy; son preference; fertility-friendly policy; family intervention life satisfaction; children’s well-being; low fertility; two-child policy; son preference; fertility-friendly policy; family intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, J.; Zhou, Z. Mothers’ Subjective Well-Being after Having a Second Child in Current China: A Case Study of Xi’an City. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3823.

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