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Open AccessArticle

Emergency Care for Women Irregular Migrants Who Arrive in Spain by Small Boat: A Qualitative Study

Cruz Roja Española, 04002 Almería, Spain
Department of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Medicine, University of Almeria, 04120 Almería, Spain
Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Autónoma de Chile, Temuco 4780000, Chile
School of Health and Education, Middlesex University, London NW4 4BT, UK
Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, University of Sevilla, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3287;
Received: 22 July 2019 / Revised: 31 August 2019 / Accepted: 5 September 2019 / Published: 6 September 2019
Background: this study aimed to describe and understand the experiences and health needs of women irregular migrants during emergency care provision upon arrival in Spain by small boat. Methods: a qualitative study based on Gadamer’s phenomenology was used. The data collection included 13 in-depth interviews with women irregular migrants and 10 in-depth interviews with key informants. The study took place in the Spanish Red Cross’ facilities between February 2017 and April 2018. Results: two main themes emerged from the data analysis: the need for emergency care focused on women irregular migrants with the sub-themes ‘Women irregular migrants as objects of sexual exploitation’ and ‘The mother-child dyad as the axis in human trafficking’; and developing an emergency care gender policy for women irregular migrants, with the subthemes ‘Healthcare in a police-controlled setting: detecting weaknesses’ and ‘Promoting screening and safety protocols focused on women irregular migrants’. Conclusions: women irregular migrants who arrive in Spain by small boat have specific needs and healthcare problems. Due to strict safety conditions during emergency care provision, rape and human trafficking can go unnoticed. Implications: interdisciplinary care protocols and new health policies that have a gender perspective are needed to improve the emergency care provided to women irregular migrants. View Full-Text
Keywords: migrant; women; vulnerable; public health; European union migrant; women; vulnerable; public health; European union
MDPI and ACS Style

López-Domene, E.; Granero-Molina, J.; Fernández-Sola, C.; Hernández-Padilla, J.M.; López-Rodríguez, M.M.; Fernández-Medina, I.M.; Guerra-Martín, M.D.; Jiménez-Lasserrrotte, M.M. Emergency Care for Women Irregular Migrants Who Arrive in Spain by Small Boat: A Qualitative Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3287.

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