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Sex, Energy, Well-Being and Low Testosterone: An Exploratory Survey of U.S. Men’s Experiences on Prescription Testosterone

Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Box 455003, Las Vegas, NV 89154-5003, USA
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(18), 3261; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183261
Received: 5 August 2019 / Revised: 29 August 2019 / Accepted: 31 August 2019 / Published: 5 September 2019
Prescription testosterone sales in the United States have skyrocketed in the last two decades due to an aging population, direct-to-consumer advertising, and prescriber views of the benefits and risks to testosterone, among other factors. However, few studies have attempted to directly examine patient experiences on prescription testosterone therapy. The present exploratory study involved an online self-report survey of U.S. testosterone patients who were at least 21 years of age. The primary focus was on patient perspectives concerning motivations leading to the initiation of testosterone therapy and the perceived effects of treatment. Responses to open-ended questions drew upon a coding scheme incorporating both inductive and deductive approaches, influenced by the clinical, male life history theory, and behavioral endocrinology literature. Results indicated that the most frequent reasons men gave for taking prescription testosterone were low testosterone (37.1%), well-being (35.2%), energy (28.7%), libido (21.9%), and social energy (19.4%); older men claimed libido as a motivation for testosterone initiation more frequently than younger men (p < 0.001). Men most frequently claimed testosterone improved their energy (52.3%), libido (41.9%), and muscle (28.5%). Results are interpreted in the context of medical, life history theoretical and behavioral endocrinology approaches, including an emphasis on sex and energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: prescription testosterone therapy; hypogonadism; low testosterone; libido; energy; survey prescription testosterone therapy; hypogonadism; low testosterone; libido; energy; survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Straftis, A.A.; Gray, P.B. Sex, Energy, Well-Being and Low Testosterone: An Exploratory Survey of U.S. Men’s Experiences on Prescription Testosterone. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3261. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183261

AMA Style

Straftis AA, Gray PB. Sex, Energy, Well-Being and Low Testosterone: An Exploratory Survey of U.S. Men’s Experiences on Prescription Testosterone. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(18):3261. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183261

Chicago/Turabian Style

Straftis, Alex A., and Peter B. Gray 2019. "Sex, Energy, Well-Being and Low Testosterone: An Exploratory Survey of U.S. Men’s Experiences on Prescription Testosterone" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 18: 3261. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183261

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