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Open AccessArticle

Kinematic Analysis of Mae-Geri Kicks in Beginner and Advanced Kyokushin Karate Athletes

1
Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Opole University of Technology, 45-758 Opole, Prószkowska 76, Poland
2
Institute of Informatics, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Akademicka 16, Poland
3
Polish-Japanese Academy of Information Technology, 02-008 Warsaw, Koszykowa 86, Poland
4
Kyokushin Karate Club, 44-121 Gliwice, Czwartaków 18, Poland
5
Kyokushin Karate Club, 48-304 Nysa, Bolesława Prusa 14, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3155; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173155
Received: 17 July 2019 / Revised: 22 August 2019 / Accepted: 27 August 2019 / Published: 29 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion)
Background: Each of the techniques used in sport is a complex technique requiring a combination of neuromuscular conduction, motor anticipation, and extremely developed proprioception. This is especially the case in martial arts when we deal with a kick or a blow to a specific target. Methods: The main purpose of this study was to determine the kinematic differences in the tested movement pattern among athletes with different levels of advancement in the conditions of kicking: in the air, at a target (a shield), and in direct contact with a competitor. Comparative analysis was performed among 26 players: 13 advanced (group G1) and 13 beginners (group G2). Kinematic data was recorded using an optical motion capture system. The examination consisted of performing three tests of mae-geri kick in sequences of three kicks in three different conditions (without a target, with a static target, and with an opponent). The examination was performed with the back leg and only the moment of kick was analyzed. Results: The most significant differences were observed in the movement of head, torso, hip, knee, and ankle segments, especially during a kick at a shield. Based on the conducted analysis, we can assume that karate training changes the strategy of neuromuscular control, promoting improvement of mobility pattern efficiency. Conclusion: Acquiring this type of knowledge can lead to better results, elimination of errors in training, especially in the initial period of training, and the prevention of possible injuries that occur during exercise or competition. View Full-Text
Keywords: martial art; kinematic analysis; body segments; movement patterns martial art; kinematic analysis; body segments; movement patterns
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Błaszczyszyn, M.; Szczęsna, A.; Pawlyta, M.; Marszałek, M.; Karczmit, D. Kinematic Analysis of Mae-Geri Kicks in Beginner and Advanced Kyokushin Karate Athletes. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3155.

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