Next Article in Journal
Re-Configuring Identity Postpartum and Sustained Abstinence or Relapse to Tobacco Smoking
Next Article in Special Issue
Importance of Agility Performance in Professional Futsal Players; Reliability and Applicability of Newly Developed Testing Protocols
Previous Article in Journal
A New Integrative Theory of Brain-Body-Ecosystem Medicine: From the Hippocratic Holistic View of Medicine to Our Modern Society
Previous Article in Special Issue
Training/Match External Load Ratios in Professional Soccer Players: A Full-Season Study
Open AccessArticle

Acute Effects of a Speed Training Program on Sprinting Step Kinematics and Performance

1
Department of Track and Field University School of Physical Education in Wroclaw, Poland, Ul. Paderewskiego 35, 51-612 Wrocław, Poland
2
Department of Track and Field, Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport, ul. Kazimierza Górskiego 1, 80-336 Gdansk, Poland
3
PZLA (Polish Track and Field Association), Mysłowicka 4, 01-612 Warszawa, Poland
4
Athletics Department, University of Montana, Adams Center 32 Campus Drive, Missoula, MT 59812, USA
5
Faculty of Sport, University of Ljubljana, Gortanova ulica 22, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(17), 3138; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16173138
Received: 4 July 2019 / Revised: 21 August 2019 / Accepted: 24 August 2019 / Published: 28 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Health, Exercise and Sports Performance)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of speed training on sprint step kinematics and performance in male sprinters. Two groups of seven elite (best 100-m time: 10.37 ± 0.04 s) and seven sub-elite (best 100-m time: 10.71 ± 0.15 s) sprinters were recruited. Sprint performance was assessed in the 20 m (flying start), 40 m (standing start), and 60 m (starting block start). Step kinematics were extracted from the first nine running steps of the 20-m sprint using the Opto-Jump–Microgate system. Explosive power was quantified by performing the CMJ, standing long jump, standing triple jump, and standing five jumps. Significant post-test improvements (p < 0.05) were observed in both groups of sprinters. Performance improved by 0.11 s (elite) and 0.06 s (sub-elite) in the 20-m flying start and by 0.06 s (elite) and 0.08 s (sub-elite) in the 60-m start block start. Strong post-test correlations were observed between 60-m block start performance and standing five jumps (SFJ) in the elite group and between 20-m flying start and 40-m standing start performance and standing long jump (SLJ) and standing triple jump (STJ) in the sub-elite group. Speed training (ST) shows potential in the reduction of step variability and as an effective short-term intervention program in the improvement of sprint performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: sprinting; speed; sprint exercises; step variability; kinematics sprinting; speed; sprint exercises; step variability; kinematics
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mackala, K.; Fostiak, M.; Schweyen, B.; Osik, T.; Coch, M. Acute Effects of a Speed Training Program on Sprinting Step Kinematics and Performance. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 3138.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop