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Article

Process Optimization of Electrochemical Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen for Actual Dyeing Wastewater Treatment

1
College of Biology and Environmental Engineering, Zhejiang Shuren University, Hangzhou 310015, China
2
College of Environment, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2931; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162931
Received: 14 July 2019 / Revised: 3 August 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Environmental Science and Engineering)
To mitigate the potential environmental risks caused by nitrogen compounds from industrial wastewater, residual ammonia after conventional wastewater treatment should be further eliminated. In this work, an electrochemical oxidation process for converting ammonia to nitrogen in actual dyeing wastewater was investigated. The effects of the main operating parameters, including initial pH value, applied current density, NaCl concentration, and flow, were investigated on ammonia removal and products distribution. Experimental results indicated that, under optimal conditions of an initial pH value of 8.3, applied current density of 20 mA cm−2, NaCl concentration of 1.0 g L−1, and flow of 300 mL min−1, the ammonia could be completely removed with N2 selectivity of 88.3% in 60 min electrolysis. A kinetics investigation using a pseudo-first-order model provided a precise description of ammonia removal during the electro-oxidation process. Experimental functions for describing the relationships between kinetic constants of ammonia removal and main operating parameters were also discussed. Additionally, the mechanisms and economic evaluation of ammonia oxidation were conducted. All these results clearly proved that this electro-oxidation process could efficiently remove ammonia and achieve high N2 selectivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: electro-oxidation; ammonia; N2 selectivity; process optimization; kinetics electro-oxidation; ammonia; N2 selectivity; process optimization; kinetics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao, J.; Mei, Y.; Xia, G.; Lu, Y.; Xu, D.; Sun, N.; Wang, J.; Chen, J. Process Optimization of Electrochemical Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen for Actual Dyeing Wastewater Treatment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162931

AMA Style

Yao J, Mei Y, Xia G, Lu Y, Xu D, Sun N, Wang J, Chen J. Process Optimization of Electrochemical Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen for Actual Dyeing Wastewater Treatment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162931

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yao, Jiachao; Mei, Yu; Xia, Guanghua; Lu, Yin; Xu, Dongmei; Sun, Nabo; Wang, Jiade; Chen, Jun. 2019. "Process Optimization of Electrochemical Oxidation of Ammonia to Nitrogen for Actual Dyeing Wastewater Treatment" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 16: 2931. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162931

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