Next Article in Journal
Impacts of Nutrition Subsidies on Diet Diversity and Nutritional Outcomes of Primary School Students in Rural Northwestern China—Do Policy Targets and Incentives Matter?
Previous Article in Journal
Increased Employment for Segregated Roma May Improve Their Health: Outcomes of a Public–Private Partnership Project
Previous Article in Special Issue
Heat Warnings in Switzerland: Reassessing the Choice of the Current Heat Stress Index
Open AccessArticle

An Occupational Heat–Health Warning System for Europe: The HEAT-SHIELD Platform

1
Institute of BioEconomy—National Research Council, 50019 Florence, Italy
2
Centre of Bioclimatology—University of Florence, 50144 Florence, Italy
3
Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology, MeteoSwiss, Zurich Airport, 8058 Zurich, Switzerland
4
Meteorology Group, Dept. Applied Mathematics and Computer Sciences, University of Cantabria, 39005 Santander, Spain
5
Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Forestry Sciences and Technologies, University of Florence, 50144 Florence, Italy
6
Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
7
Unit Defense, Safety and Security, The Netherlands Organisation of Applied Scientific Research, 3769DE Soesterberg, The Netherlands
8
FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, 42100 Karies, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2890; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162890
Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 9 August 2019 / Published: 13 August 2019
  |  
PDF [5586 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]
  |  

Abstract

Existing heat–health warning systems focus on warning vulnerable groups in order to reduce mortality. However, human health and performance are affected at much lower environmental heat strain levels than those directly associated with higher mortality. Moreover, workers are at elevated health risks when exposed to prolonged heat. This study describes the multilingual “HEAT-SHIELD occupational warning system” platform (https://heatshield.zonalab.it/) operating for Europe and developed within the framework of the HEAT-SHIELD project. This system is based on probabilistic medium-range forecasts calibrated on approximately 1800 meteorological stations in Europe and provides the ensemble forecast of the daily maximum heat stress. The platform provides a non-customized output represented by a map showing the weekly maximum probability of exceeding a specific heat stress condition, for each of the four upcoming weeks. Customized output allows the forecast of the personalized local heat-stress-risk based on workers’ physical, clothing and behavioral characteristics and the work environment (outdoors in the sun or shade), also taking into account heat acclimatization. Personal daily heat stress risk levels and behavioral suggestions (hydration and work breaks recommended) to be taken into consideration in the short term (5 days) are provided together with long-term heat risk forecasts (up to 46 days), all which are useful for planning work activities. The HEAT-SHIELD platform provides adaptation strategies for “managing” the impact of global warming. View Full-Text
Keywords: worker; customized forecast; Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT); risk level; heat adaptation; work breaks; hydration; European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF); global warming worker; customized forecast; Wet-Bulb Globe Temperature (WBGT); risk level; heat adaptation; work breaks; hydration; European Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF); global warming
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Morabito, M.; Messeri, A.; Noti, P.; Casanueva, A.; Crisci, A.; Kotlarski, S.; Orlandini, S.; Schwierz, C.; Spirig, C.; Kingma, B.R.; Flouris, A.D.; Nybo, L. An Occupational Heat–Health Warning System for Europe: The HEAT-SHIELD Platform. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2890.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top