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Open AccessArticle

Animal-Assisted Intervention Improves Pain Perception in Polymedicated Geriatric Patients with Chronic Joint Pain: A Clinical Trial

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Primary Health Care Center Bordeta-Magraners, Catalan Institute of Health, 25001 Lleida, Spain
2
Nursing and Physiotherapy Faculty, University of Lleida, 25198 Lleida, Spain
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Primary Health Care Center Primer de Maig, Catalan Institute of Health, 25003 Lleida, Spain
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Research Support Unit Lleida, Fundació Institut Universitari per a la recerca a l’Atenció Primària de Salut Jordi Gol i Gurina (IDIAPJGol), 25007 Barcelona, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(16), 2843; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162843
Received: 12 July 2019 / Revised: 4 August 2019 / Accepted: 6 August 2019 / Published: 9 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Psycho-Social Impact of Human-Animal Interactions)
Chronic joint pain is associated to an increase in the consumption of medication and decrease in life quality in elderly people, which requires developing non-pharmacological treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectivity of a group intervention, based on animal-assisted therapy and applied to elderly people with chronic joint pain and polymedication, regarding the decrease of chronic pain, use of analgesics and improvement of life quality. A randomized controlled trial, two arms and open-label was conducted in a Primary Health Center. Twelve weekly sessions of kinesitherapy; in the EG, these exercises were performed with the additional assistance of the therapy dog. A total of 52 participants (22 Control Group (CG), 30 EG), average age 77.50 (±7.3), women 90.4%. A significant reduction on post-intervention values of pain β = −0.67(−1.27, −0.08), p = 0.03 and pain induced insomnia β = −0.53(−1.01, −0.05), p = 0.03 was found in EG for increasing baseline values. Animal-assisted therapy leads to an additional reduction in the perception of pain and pain induced insomnia in individuals with higher baseline severity. The presence of the dog improves the attachment to intervention and the satisfaction of the participants. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal-assisted therapy; chronic pain; elderly; primary health care animal-assisted therapy; chronic pain; elderly; primary health care
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rodrigo-Claverol, M.; Casanova-Gonzalvo, C.; Malla-Clua, B.; Rodrigo-Claverol, E.; Jové-Naval, J.; Ortega-Bravo, M. Animal-Assisted Intervention Improves Pain Perception in Polymedicated Geriatric Patients with Chronic Joint Pain: A Clinical Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162843

AMA Style

Rodrigo-Claverol M, Casanova-Gonzalvo C, Malla-Clua B, Rodrigo-Claverol E, Jové-Naval J, Ortega-Bravo M. Animal-Assisted Intervention Improves Pain Perception in Polymedicated Geriatric Patients with Chronic Joint Pain: A Clinical Trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(16):2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162843

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rodrigo-Claverol, Maylos; Casanova-Gonzalvo, Carles; Malla-Clua, Belén; Rodrigo-Claverol, Esther; Jové-Naval, Júlia; Ortega-Bravo, Marta. 2019. "Animal-Assisted Intervention Improves Pain Perception in Polymedicated Geriatric Patients with Chronic Joint Pain: A Clinical Trial" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 16: 2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16162843

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