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Open AccessArticle

Proactive Telephone Smoking Cessation Counseling Tailored to Parents: Results of a Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial

Trimbos Institute, Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction, P.O. Box 725, 3500 AS Utrecht, The Netherlands
Department of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, 3508 TC Utrecht, The Netherlands
Research and Development, Pluryn, P.O. Box 53, 6500 AB Nijmegen, The Netherlands
ASU REACH Institute, Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, P.O. Box 876005, Tempe, AZ 85287-6005, USA
Developmental Psychopathology, Radboud University, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Executive Board, Erasmus University Rotterdam, P.O. 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(15), 2730;
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 22 July 2019 / Accepted: 27 July 2019 / Published: 31 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Smoking Cessation)
A recent Dutch efficacy trial showed the efficacy of a telephone smoking cessation counseling tailored to smoking parents. Currently, it is unknown whether such telephone counseling would be effective under more real-world conditions. This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of parent-tailored telephone smoking cessation counseling in a two-arm randomized controlled effectiveness trial and whether the effectiveness depended on the recruitment approaches that were used to recruit parents (mass media vs. health care). In total, 87 parents received either telephone counseling (intervention) or a self-help brochure (control). Parents were asked to complete questionnaires at baseline and three months post-intervention. Results showed that the odds of reporting 7-day point-prevalence abstinence at three months post-intervention was 7.54 higher for parents who received telephone counseling than for parents in the control condition (53.3% vs. 13.2%, 95% CI = 2.49–22.84). Because inclusion was lower than anticipated, interaction-effects of condition and recruitment approach could not be interpreted. The present study demonstrates that the parent-tailored smoking cessation telephone counseling is effective in helping parents to quit smoking. Yet, before large-scale implementation, future research should focus on how recruitment of parents via the recruitment approaches could be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking cessation; parents; telephone counseling; effectiveness trial smoking cessation; parents; telephone counseling; effectiveness trial
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Scheffers-van Schayck, T.; Otten, R.; Engels, R.C.; Kleinjan, M. Proactive Telephone Smoking Cessation Counseling Tailored to Parents: Results of a Randomized Controlled Effectiveness Trial. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2730.

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