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Open AccessArticle

Impact of a Smoking Cessation Quitline in Vietnam: Evidence Base and Future Directions

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Respiratory Center, Bach Mai Hospital, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Internal Medicine, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Health, Behavior and Society, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
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Center of Excellence in Health Services and System Research, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Vietnam Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119074, Singapore
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Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Institute for Health Innovation and Technology (iHealthtech), National University of Singapore, Singapore 119077, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2538; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142538
Received: 7 June 2019 / Revised: 6 July 2019 / Accepted: 12 July 2019 / Published: 16 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Health Care Sciences & Services)
Smoking is considered the most critical modifiable factor with regard to lung cancer and remains a public health concern in many countries, including Vietnam, which is among those countries with the highest tobacco consumption rates in the world. This study has examined the impact of national telephone counselling for smoking cessation and has identified the factors associated with the impact of the quitline among male callers in Vietnam. A randomized cross-sectional survey of 469 smokers who sought smoking cessation services via the national quitline was performed from September 2015 to May 2016. The primary outcomes were measured by a self-reported quit rate at the time of assessment, 7 day point prevalence abstinence (PA), 6 month prolonged PA, service satisfaction, and level of motivation. Among the participants, 31.6% were abstinent, and 5.1% of participants successfully stopped smoking and did not need to seek quitline support. Most of the clients were satisfied with the quality of service (88.5%), felt more confident about quitting (74.3%), and took early action via their first quit attempt (81.7%); 18.3% reported a more than 7 day abstinence period at the time of survey. The primary reasons for smoking relapse were surrounding smoking environments (51.6%) and craving symptoms (44.1%). Future smoking cessation efforts should focus on improving the quality of quitline services, client satisfaction, and developing a tailored program and counseling targeting smokers with specific characteristics, especially ones experiencing chronic diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: smoking; quitting; nicotine dependence; quitline; Vietnam; smoking behaviors; impact smoking; quitting; nicotine dependence; quitline; Vietnam; smoking behaviors; impact
MDPI and ACS Style

Ngo, C.Q.; Phan, P.T.; Vu, G.V.; Pham, Q.T.L.; Chu, H.T.; Pham, K.T.H.; Tran, B.X.; Do, H.P.; Nguyen, C.T.; Tran, T.T.; Ha, G.H.; Dang, A.K.; Nguyen, H.T.L.; Latkin, C.A.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M. Impact of a Smoking Cessation Quitline in Vietnam: Evidence Base and Future Directions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2538. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142538

AMA Style

Ngo CQ, Phan PT, Vu GV, Pham QTL, Chu HT, Pham KTH, Tran BX, Do HP, Nguyen CT, Tran TT, Ha GH, Dang AK, Nguyen HTL, Latkin CA, Ho CSH, Ho RCM. Impact of a Smoking Cessation Quitline in Vietnam: Evidence Base and Future Directions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2538. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142538

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ngo, Chau Q.; Phan, Phuong T.; Vu, Giap V.; Pham, Quyen T.L.; Chu, Hanh T.; Pham, Kiet T.H.; Tran, Bach X.; Do, Huyen P.; Nguyen, Cuong T.; Tran, Tung T.; Ha, Giang H.; Dang, Anh K.; Nguyen, Huong T.L.; Latkin, Carl A.; Ho, Cyrus S.H.; Ho, Roger C.M. 2019. "Impact of a Smoking Cessation Quitline in Vietnam: Evidence Base and Future Directions" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 14: 2538. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142538

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