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Open AccessArticle

Efficiency of Health Care Risk Waste Management in Rural Healthcare Facilities of South Africa: An Assessment of Selected Facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province

1
Department of Public Health, School of Health Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
2
Department of Mining and Environmental Geology, School of Environmental Sciences, University of Venda, Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2199; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122199
Received: 19 April 2019 / Revised: 10 June 2019 / Accepted: 13 June 2019 / Published: 21 June 2019
Waste generated form healthcare facilities is a potential source of health risks to the public, if it is not properly handled from the point of generation to disposal. This study was conducted to assess the efficiency of healthcare risk waste (HCRW) management in Vhembe District of Limpopo Province, South Africa. Fifteen healthcare facilities were selected in Vhembe District for this study. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews, semi-structured questionnaires, observation and pictures. Qualitative data were thematically analyzed, while the quantitative data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 25. In all the healthcare facilities; mismanagement of HCRW was noted at different points along the management chain. Poor segregation, overfilling of waste bins, inappropriate transportation and storage of waste in substandard storage rooms were observed in the facilities. All the waste from the district are transported to a private-owned treatment facility outside the district, where they are mainly incinerated. Enforcement of healthcare risk waste guidelines, provision of standardized equipment for temporary storage, empowerment of each healthcare facility to treat at least some of the waste, and employment of non-burn techniques for treatment of waste are recommended for more efficient management of healthcare risk waste in Vhembe District. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthcare risk waste; open burning; cradle to grave; waste management healthcare risk waste; open burning; cradle to grave; waste management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olaniyi, F.C.; Ogola, J.S.; Tshitangano, T.G. Efficiency of Health Care Risk Waste Management in Rural Healthcare Facilities of South Africa: An Assessment of Selected Facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2199. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122199

AMA Style

Olaniyi FC, Ogola JS, Tshitangano TG. Efficiency of Health Care Risk Waste Management in Rural Healthcare Facilities of South Africa: An Assessment of Selected Facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2199. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122199

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olaniyi, Foluke C.; Ogola, Jason S.; Tshitangano, Takalani G. 2019. "Efficiency of Health Care Risk Waste Management in Rural Healthcare Facilities of South Africa: An Assessment of Selected Facilities in Vhembe District, Limpopo Province" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 12: 2199. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122199

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