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Open AccessReview

Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia

1
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Computer Sciences, Advanced Polytechnic School of Alicante, University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(12), 2116; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122116
Received: 1 May 2019 / Revised: 5 June 2019 / Accepted: 11 June 2019 / Published: 14 June 2019
Background: dementia is one of the main causes of disability and dependency among the older population worldwide, producing physical, psychological, social and economic impact in those affected, caregivers, families and societies. However, little is known about dementia protective factors and their potential benefits against disease decline in the diagnosed population. Cognitive stimulating activities seem to be protective factors against dementia, though there is paucity in the scientific evidence confirming this, with most publications focusing on prevention in non-diagnosed people. A scoping review was conducted to explore whether chess practice could mitigate signs, deliver benefits, or improve cognitive capacities of individuals diagnosed with dementia through the available literature, and therefore act as a protective factor. Methods: twenty-one articles were selected after applying inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: the overall findings stress that chess could lead to prevention in non-diagnosed populations, while little has been shown with respect to individuals already diagnosed. However, some authors suggest its capacity as a protective factor due to its benefits, and the evidence related to the cognitive functions associated with the game. Conclusion: although chess is indirectly assumed to be a protective factor due to its cognitive benefits, more studies are required to demonstrate, with strong evidence, whether chess could be a protective factor against dementia within the diagnosed population. View Full-Text
Keywords: dementia; Alzheimer disease; chess; protective factor; scoping review dementia; Alzheimer disease; chess; protective factor; scoping review
MDPI and ACS Style

Lillo-Crespo, M.; Forner-Ruiz, M.; Riquelme-Galindo, J.; Ruiz-Fernández, D.; García-Sanjuan, S. Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122116

AMA Style

Lillo-Crespo M, Forner-Ruiz M, Riquelme-Galindo J, Ruiz-Fernández D, García-Sanjuan S. Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(12):2116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122116

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lillo-Crespo, Manuel; Forner-Ruiz, Mar; Riquelme-Galindo, Jorge; Ruiz-Fernández, Daniel; García-Sanjuan, Sofía. 2019. "Chess Practice as a Protective Factor in Dementia" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 12: 2116. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16122116

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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