Next Article in Journal
Distribution, Source and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal(oid)s in Water, Sediments, and Corbicula Fluminea of Xijiang River, China
Next Article in Special Issue
How Personal Perspectives Shape Health Professionals’ Perceptions of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Risk
Previous Article in Journal
Improving Adolescents’ Subjective Well-Being, Trait Emotional Intelligence and Social Anxiety through a Programme Based on the Sport Education Model
Previous Article in Special Issue
Community Perceptions of Alcohol Exposed Pregnancy Prevention Program for American Indian and Alaska Native Teens
Open AccessArticle

Associated Factors of Drinking Prior to Recognising Pregnancy and Risky Drinking among New Zealand Women Aged 18 to 35 Years

1
Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
2
Department of Marketing, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
3
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1822; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101822
Received: 13 March 2019 / Revised: 21 May 2019 / Accepted: 21 May 2019 / Published: 23 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD))
Nearly half of all pregnant women in the Western world drink prior to recognising pregnancy. The current study aimed to investigate the factors associated with drinking prior to recognising pregnancy among pregnant women and factors associated with risky drinking among nonpregnant sexually active women. The study was a cross-sectional survey of a random sample of women aged 18 to 35 years (n = 1062) selected from the New Zealand electoral roll. Pregnant women (currently pregnant: n = 65; previously pregnant: n = 202) who were risky drinkers and who smoked in the year prior to pregnancy had five times the odds (p < 0.01) and women who planned their pregnancy (p = 0.05) and who used a community service card (p = 0.004) had less than half the odds to drink prior to recognising pregnancy than their respective counterparts. Among sexually active nonpregnant women who consumed alcohol, those who smoked in the year prior to the survey and those who drank for social reasons, for mood enhancement or coping reasons had higher odds of being risky drinkers (p < 0.05). Addressing risky drinking, especially in social settings, and smoking among women of peak childbearing age may mitigate the potential risk of drinking prior to recognising pregnancy. View Full-Text
Keywords: drinking prior to recognising pregnancy; contraception use; risky drinkers; smoking; alcohol exposed pregnancy; New Zealand drinking prior to recognising pregnancy; contraception use; risky drinkers; smoking; alcohol exposed pregnancy; New Zealand
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Parackal, S.; Parackal, M.; Harraway, J. Associated Factors of Drinking Prior to Recognising Pregnancy and Risky Drinking among New Zealand Women Aged 18 to 35 Years. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1822. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101822

AMA Style

Parackal S, Parackal M, Harraway J. Associated Factors of Drinking Prior to Recognising Pregnancy and Risky Drinking among New Zealand Women Aged 18 to 35 Years. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(10):1822. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101822

Chicago/Turabian Style

Parackal, Sherly; Parackal, Mathew; Harraway, John. 2019. "Associated Factors of Drinking Prior to Recognising Pregnancy and Risky Drinking among New Zealand Women Aged 18 to 35 Years" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 10: 1822. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101822

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop