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Open AccessArticle

Deterring Drunk Driving: Why Some States Go Further Than Others in Policy Innovation

1
Graduate School of Public Administration, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Korea
2
Askew School of Public Administration and Policy, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(10), 1749; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16101749
Received: 31 March 2019 / Revised: 2 May 2019 / Accepted: 14 May 2019 / Published: 17 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alcohol Policy and Public Health)
Policy innovation and diffusion studies have, since 1990, generally focused on a specific policy over time. Yet, few studies have considered if and why states adopt related multiple policies—a package of reforms—in a policy area. Are more innovative states in DUI policy likely to adopt a comprehensive set of policies or use them as substitutes for each other? In this study, we assess how overall state innovativeness relates to the adoption of sixteen DUI (Driving Under the Influence) laws. We find that state innovativeness in traffic safety policies (but not overall policy innovativeness), organizational size, and professionalism of a state highway department increase the likelihood that a state will adopt a more comprehensive bundle of DUI laws. Furthermore, we also test whether institutional or competitive bandwagon effects are found across this policy area and demonstrate that national institutional bandwagon effects are an important factor related to the increased comprehensiveness of state adoption of DUI policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: state innovativeness; bandwagon effect; comprehensiveness of state policy adoptions; DUI (Driving under Influence) state innovativeness; bandwagon effect; comprehensiveness of state policy adoptions; DUI (Driving under Influence)
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Hwang, S.J.; Berry, F. Deterring Drunk Driving: Why Some States Go Further Than Others in Policy Innovation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 1749.

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