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Assessment of Risk, Vulnerability and Adaptation to Climate Change by the Health Sector in Madagascar
Open AccessArticle

An Assessment of Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation in Dominica

1
Climate Change and Innovation Bureau, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0P8, Canada
2
Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
3
Faculty of Environmental Studies and Dahdaleh Institute for Global Health Research, York University, Toronto, ON M3J 1P3, Canada
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Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Newtown, Wellington 6242, New Zealand
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Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Acton, Canberra 2600, Australia
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Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC 20037, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010070
Received: 9 October 2018 / Revised: 18 December 2018 / Accepted: 23 December 2018 / Published: 28 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessments)
A climate change and health vulnerability and adaptation assessment was conducted in Dominica, a Caribbean small island developing state located in the Lesser Antilles. The assessment revealed that the country’s population is already experiencing many impacts on health and health systems from climate variability and change. Infectious diseases as well as food and waterborne diseases pose continued threats as climate change may exacerbate the related health risks. Threats to food security were also identified, with particular concern for food production systems. The findings of the assessment included near-term and long-term adaptation options that can inform actions of health sector decision-makers in addressing health vulnerabilities and building resilience to climate change. Key challenges include the need for enhanced financial and human resources to build awareness of key health risks and increase adaptive capacity. Other small island developing states interested in pursuing a vulnerability and adaptation assessment may find this assessment approach, key findings, analysis, and lessons learned useful. View Full-Text
Keywords: Dominica; climate change and health; vulnerability assessment; infectious diseases; food security; severe storm; health system Dominica; climate change and health; vulnerability assessment; infectious diseases; food security; severe storm; health system
MDPI and ACS Style

Schnitter, R.; Verret, M.; Berry, P.; Chung Tiam Fook, T.; Hales, S.; Lal, A.; Edwards, S. An Assessment of Climate Change and Health Vulnerability and Adaptation in Dominica. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 70.

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