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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16010046

Preschool Environmental Factors, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Sedentary Time: An Examination of Cross-Level Interactions

1
Folkhälsan Research Center, Topeliuksenkatu 20, 00250 Helsinki, Finland
2
Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
3
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Helsinki, 000014 Helsinki, Finland
4
Department of Public Health, Clinicum, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 27 November 2018 / Accepted: 18 December 2018 / Published: 25 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances of Adolescents and Children Health Research)
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Abstract

Preschool children’s high levels of sedentary time (ST) is a public health concern. As preschool reaches a large population of children from different socioeconomic status (SES) backgrounds, more knowledge on how the preschool setting is associated with children’s ST is relevant. Our aims were to examine (1) the associations of preschool setting (covering social, physical, and organizational level) with children’s ST, and (2) the moderating role of the setting on the association between parental SES and children’s ST. In the cross-sectional DAGIS (increased health and wellbeing in preschools) study, the participating children (n = 864, aged 3–6 years) were asked to wear an accelerometer for one week. In total, 779 children had valid ST accelerometer data during preschool hours. Preschool setting and parental SES was assessed by questionnaires and observation. Multilevel linear regression models with cross-level interactions were applied to examine the associations. Early educators’ practice of breaking children’s ST often, more frequent physical activity (PA) theme weeks, and higher number of physical education (PE) lessons were associated with lower children’s ST. Higher parental SES was associated with higher children’s ST in preschools (1) with organized sedentary behavior theme weeks, (2) with a lower number of PA theme weeks, and (3) with a lower number of PE lessons. The factors identified in this study could be targeted in future interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; sedentary lifestyle; preschool; socioecological model; socioeconomic status children; sedentary lifestyle; preschool; socioecological model; socioeconomic status
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Määttä, S.; Konttinen, H.; Lehto, R.; Haukkala, A.; Erkkola, M.; Roos, E. Preschool Environmental Factors, Parental Socioeconomic Status, and Children’s Sedentary Time: An Examination of Cross-Level Interactions. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 46.

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